Analysis of the specific common competences of the Degree Courses in Speech Therapy and on the ability to apply in the didactic systems


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Submission Date: 2020-07-14
Review Date: 2020-07-27
Pubblication Date: 2020-10-02
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Abstract

Abstract:

Law 11 January 2018 n. 3 places the attention of the Health Professions on the specific common skills, which must be evident in the didactic systems to protect the Profession. The purpose of this work is to identify which skills are always present among the training objectives of the Degree Courses in Speech Therapy, and which instead become "specific" for our profession.
The data analysis was conducted on 27 Degree Courses in Speech Therapy present in Italy, using the portal "Universitaly" and evaluating the SUA cards of the various Degree Courses.
The analysis of the data revealed that: basic skills were insufficient for the areas of labor law and corporate organization; transversal skills are well defined and almost always present; the transversal technical-professional skills appeared insufficient for the areas of management and research.
The results are useful in order to standardize the framework of the speech therapist's skills. The advantage of having specific well-defined and above all homogeneous skills between the various universities, as well as being an essential tool for clinical activity, is a demonstration of a suitable conduct to protect both the healthcare professional and the patient.
In light of what emerged from the results of this study, it is hoped that the analysis carried out can be a tool to allow the universities concerned to follow up on the current state of the CDL in speech therapy, so as to guarantee common and homogeneous training courses throughout the National territory.

Introduction

Law 11 January 2018 n. 3 has reformed orders and colleges of health professions instituting the Order of health technicians in Radiology and health techniques, rehabilitation and prevention, and inside the Albi of health techniques, the rehabilitates tion and prevention. The law n. 3/2018 provides for a new definition of the Orders : “non-economic public bodies that act as subsidiary bodies of the State”. The traditional meaning of “auxiliary body” is thus overcome, assigning important Orders to the Orders:

  • protect public interests related to professional practice;
  • to promote and ensure the independence, autonomy and responsibility of professionals in professional practice;
  • guarantee technical-professional quality, enhance the social function of the professions and safeguard human rights and ethical principles of professional practice (indicated in the respective codes of ethics);
  • guarantee the protection of individual and collective health.

In particular, the new regulation provides for a renewal of the Orders of the health professions, adapting the reference legislation to the Orders supervised by the Ministry of Health with reference to their internal functioning and changing the name of the college in order. Other assignments assigned to these entities include keeping the registers of their respective professions, verifying the possession of qualifications for professional practice, evaluating continuing education activities, expanding the codes of ethics, transparency of communication, the establishment of specific disciplinary bodies. The issuing of the aforementioned law brings to the attention of all health professions the need to guarantee citizens an increasingly transparent, competent and qualified action, but also the need to protect their professional specificity. The same law delegates to the Government provisions for the reorganization of the health professions and for the health management of the Ministry of Health, placing the attention of the Health Professions on the specific specific competences and on the application skills of the same, which must be evident in the educational systems to protection of the profession. “Competence” is defined as the set of individual characteristics that contribute to the effective supervision of a working situation, a service, an activity. We can also define it as the ability to use personal knowledge, skills and abilities, in work, study and personal development situations. As part of the internship of the Master’s Degree Course in “Rehabilitation Sciences of Health Professions”, carried out at the University of Palermo in the 2017/2018 academic year, we conducted research on the skills of the speech therapist in degree from Italian universities . These skills have been sought in the SUA[8] files , available on the Universitaly [9] portal , of the various Degree Courses (CDL). There are currently 37 Degree Courses in Speech Therapy in Italy: 11 in Northern Italy, 8 in Southern Italy and 8 in Central Italy. The purpose of this work is to identify which skills are always present and which instead become “specific” for our profession.

Materials and Methods

Research was carried out on the specific common skills of the CDL in Speech Therapy, using the portal of the Ministry of Education, University and Research called “Universitaly” and evaluating the SUA cards of the various degree courses. The portal is aimed at high school students and their families for a conscious choice of university courses, for university students who intend to continue their studies, for high schools who want to monitor their teaching and to the universities themselves in order to detail their own. training offer. The Single Annual Form (SUA) is a functional management tool for the planning, implementation, self-assessment and re-design of the Degree Program. The SUA form is the main tool of the AVA system (Self-assessment – Periodic evaluation – Accreditation) introduced by Law 240/2010, by Legislative Decree 19/2012 and implemented by DDMM 47/2013, 1059/2013 and 987/2016. In this sense, the Single Annual Study Program Card aims to:

  • define the demand for training;
  • describe the training plan and learning environment;
  • certify learning outcomes;
  • clarify roles and responsibilities relating to the management of the University’s Quality Assurance system;
  • periodically review the structure of the Degree Course and its effects to make the necessary changes.

SUA CdS is one of the reference tools in the study course self-evaluation and evaluation process. SUA cards have a standard structure, in fact there are numerous panels or each of which deals with a specific area. Specifically, the annual SUA- CdS is divided into two sections: Administration and Quality.

The “Administration” section in which all the institution data (RAD) and course activation are automatically incorporated. In general, the panels identified with the wording “RAD” are part of the didactic system in force of the Study Program and therefore are accessible only in the event of changes in the system.

The “Quality” section is made up of the following parts:

  • Objectives of the Study Program (CdS): the frameworks of this section (A1, A2, A3, A4, A5) describe the training objectives that the Study Program aims to achieve through the design and implementation of the Course, defining the demand for training and the expected learning outcomes. This section answers the question “What is the CdS aiming for?”;
  • Student experience: the paintings in this section (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7) describe the student experience: the Study Plan offered, the temporal scan of the teaching and learning activities, the learning environment, or the 5 human resources and infrastructures made available. This section answers the following question “How is the study course carried out?”. Here are also collected the results of the survey on the effectiveness of the Study Course perceived in itinere by students and on the overall effectiveness perceived by graduates;
  • Results of the training : pictures C1, C2, C3 describe the results of the students in their quantitative aspects – entry and course data and exit – and the effectiveness of the studies for the purpose of entering the professional world. This section answers the question: “To what extent have the proposed objectives been achieved?”;         
  • Quality organization and management (panels D1, D2, D3, D4): this is a section of a confidential nature accessible only to those authorized by the system such as, for example, experts during the period in which they were entrusted with a evaluation or accreditation mandate of the CdS .         

In light of the objective of the following work, we have focused attention in particular on paintings A4.a, A4.b.1, A4.b.2. In fact, with the exception of some cases, the competences are reported in these boxes. Every health professional, regardless of the discipline he deals with, has specific areas of competence, defined by the National Professional Profile (Ministerial Decree 14 September 1994, n.742). These include:

  • basic skills: the skills that all professionals must possess when entering the world of work: English, IT, business organization, labor law;
  • transversal skills: these are the communication and relational skills that every professional should possess in any professional sector and which he acquires during his life in contexts of formal, non-formal and informal education. These concern the management, innovative and relational area;
  • technical-professional skills: these are the distinctive skills identified by different functions based on the professional figure they characterize;
  • transversal technical-professional skills: identify the functions that describe the skills common to each healthcare professional and include management, training, research and consultancy.

The basic, transversal and transversal professional skills are common to the Healthcare area. The transversal technical-professional skills are specific to each profession. The technical-professional skills of the Speech Therapist, taken into consideration, are taken from the website of the Italian Speech Therapist Federation (FLI)[10]. It should also be noted that the SUA-Cds sheets are the only tool that allows us to know the characteristics of a Degree Course, so if a competence is absent it means that this competence is not expressed in the SUA form of that Degree Course.

Criteria used for the analysis of SUA- CdS cards

The competences taken into consideration have been labeled as: present, partially (present) or absent in reference to the reply with the SUA files.

  • A skill is recognized as present in an SUA form if all its sub-areas are addressed or if most of the sub-areas are addressed (generally half plus one);
  • A skill is recognized partially present in an SUA form if half of its sub-areas are addressed or if the topic in question is expressed in a framework different from the frameworks A4.a and A4.b;
  • A skill is recognized as absent in an SUA form if the area is not fully addressed or only a sub-area of ​​the topic is addressed;
  • It has been reported whether any competence that is absent is expressed in the study plan;
  • It has been reported if a skill is expressed in panels other than A4.a and A4.b.

While for some cases it was very easy to attribute the labels, for others it was necessary to have a more meticulous analysis as each competence has various sub-areas.

Results and Discussion

The scores attributed for the assessment of skills were assigned on the basis of the training objectives that the CdL proposes through the SUA form as specified below:

  • : present and well-defined competence;
  • 0.5 : partially defined competence and / or topic present in a framework other than A4.a and A4.b;
  • : no competence .

From the analysis of the data relating to basic skills, in terms of specific training objectives present within the training courses of Italian universities that in their teaching provided contain the Degree Course in Speech Therapy, it emerged that:

  • 87.2% of the Degrees allow their students to develop adequate knowledge and use of the English language;
  • 63% of the Degrees leads to the achievement of good IT skills;
  • 66.7% of the Degrees do not adequately define the acquisition of knowledge in the field of labor law among their educational objectives (although the subject “Occupational Medicine” is included in the study plans);
  • 18.5% of the Degrees allow students to develop skills in business organization.

Graph 1 – Analysis of data relating to Basic Skills

The analysis of the data relating to transversal skills showed that:

  • the skills of managerial type are represented in 74.1% of the USA sheets degree in Speech therapy in Italy;
  • the innovative and creative skills are evident in 100% of the Degrees, as well as the communicative-relational ones.

Graph 2 – Analysis of the data relating to the Transversal Competences

The analysis of the data relating to the transversal technical-professional skills revealed that:

  • 18.5% of the Degrees allow their students to develop health management skills;
  • 18.5% of the Degrees define the acquisition of knowledge on training among their training objectives;
  • 37% of the Degrees train students to research (this area of ​​competence is only partially represented in most of the USA);
  • as many as 92.6% of the Degrees leads to the acquisition of adequate consultancy skills .

Graph 3 – Analysis of data relating to the Technical-Professional Transversal Competences

The analysis of the data of the Speech Therapist’s technical-professional skills must be distinguished in its four macro areas such as:

  • speech therapy assessment and report;
  • care and rehabilitation;
  • prevention;
  • therapeutic education.

There are four sub-areas within the “Speech Therapy Assessment and Report” area, namely:

  1. to acquire objective and subjective information for the identification of the rehabilitative needs of the person and the community;
  2. formulate therapeutic objectives referable to the speech therapy clinic;
  3. evaluate the socio-environmental context;
  4. to enable and rehabilitate pathologies of the voice, word, oral and written language, communicative and cognitive disabilities and oral functions.

Among these, in all the SUA cards of the CDL in Logopedia of the Italian Universities, the skills related to knowing how to evaluate the socio-environmental context are not present. The uniformity of this outcome offers numerous food for thought, as this competence is very important for adequately planning the rehabilitation intervention.

Graph 4 – Analysis of data relating to Technical-Professional Skills Specifications: evaluation and speech therapy budget

The macro area of ​​” Care and Rehabilitation ” also has various sub-areas, such as:

  1. define the rehabilitation program;     
  2. carry out the rehabilitation intervention;     
  3. occurs King effectiveness dell’intervent or ;     
  4. dealing with critical situations.     

The skills related to defining and carrying out the rehabilitation intervention emerge in all the SUA cards of the Degrees of the Italian Universities. On the other hand, there are anomalies for the other two sub-areas: the skills related to the ability to verify the effectiveness of the rehabilitation intervention are present in the vast majority of the CDL, with the exception of the CDL of Bari, Ferrara, Messina, Naples, Pisa, Verona and the Catholic University of Rome where this competence is absent. While this competence partially emerges in the SUA form of the Ferrara CDL. As for the ability to deal with critical situations , this is present in most CDLs.

The graphs representing the results of the analysis carried out in relation to the specific technical and technical skills of the ” Care and Rehabilitation ” macro area are shown below .

Graph 5 – Analysis of data relating to the Technical – Professional Skills: perform the rehabilitation intervention
Graph 6 – Analysis of the data relating to the Technical – Professional Skills: verify the effectiveness of the intervention
Graph 7 – Analysis of the data relating to the Technical – Professional Skills: perform the rehabilitation intervention
Graph 8 – Analysis of data relating to Technical-Professional Skills Specific: dealing with critical situations

There are two sub-areas within the “Prevention” area:

  1. health promotion in the speech therapy clinic;
  2. prevention of pathologies pertaining to the Speech Therapist (pathologies of voice, language, communication, cognitive and oral function disabilities). The skills related to the prevention of speech-related pathologies are present in almost all the SUA cards of the CDL in Logopedics, while the skills related to health promotion in the speech therapy clinic are present in most of the SUA cards, with the sole exception of the CDL of Catania, Catanzaro, Padua and Rome La Sapienza in which it is absent.

Graph 9 – Analysis of data relating to Technical-Professional Skills Specific: Prevention

The last area of technical-professional skills concerns “therapeutic education”. Therapeutic education includes two sub-areas:

  1. carry out educational interventions in the speech therapy field;
  2. establish a helping relationship;

It’s possible to say that, globally, the skills related to the implementation of education interventions in the speech therapy field are present in almost all SUA files. While the skills related to the ability to establish a helping relationship is absent only in the CDL in Speech Therapy of the Universities of Campania, Cattolica of Rome, Naples, Pavia, Pisa and Siena.

Graph 10 – Analysis of data relating to Technical-Professional Skills Specific: Therapeutic Education

Analysis of the data relating to specific technical-professional skills revealed that:

  • In the “Evaluation and balance” area: 100% of the study CDL allows its students to develop the ability to carry out observations, evaluations, screening, counseling and speech therapy balances for the specific nosological field (pathologies of the voice, speech, oral and written language, oral functions, communicative and cognitive disabilities); however, no course takes into consideration the ability to evaluate the socio-environmental context in which the assisted person is included among its training objectives.
  • In the “Care and rehabilitation” area: 100% of the LADs train students to plan and implement an enabling / rehabilitative intervention; 70.4% of the CDL include among their educational objectives the ability to verify the effectiveness of the speech therapy intervention implemented, while 63% of the courses include the ability to deal with crisis situations.
  • In the “Prevention” area: 92.6% of the CDL allows students to acquire the ability to operate in a preventive perspective and, 85.2% of the CDL allows their students to promote the health of the disabled .
  • In the area of ​​”Therapeutic Education”: 88.9% of the CDL include the ability to implement educational interventions among their educational objectives, while 77.8% also includes the ability to establish a helping relationship.

The tables containing the results of the different competences are shown below. 

BASIC SKILLS
 ENGLISHCOMPUTER TECHNOLOGYLABOR LAWBUSINESS ORGANIZATION
University of Bari1100.5
University of Bologna1110.5
University of Cagliari0000.5
University of Campania1100.5
University of Catania110.50.5
University of Catanzaro1100.5
University of Cattolica (Rome)10.50.50.5
University of Ferrara110.50.5
University of Florence110.50.5
University of Genoa110.51
University of Marche10.50.50.5
University of Messina10.500.5
University of Milan1101
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia0.510.51
University of Naples110.50.5
University of Padua10.50.50.5
University of Palermo10.500
University of Parma10.50.50.5
University of Pavia110.50
University of Perugia110.50.5
University of Pisa0.500.50.5
University of Rome La Sapienza0.50.50.50.5
University of Rome Tor Vergata110.50.5
University of Siena1100.5
University of Turin110.51
University of Trieste110.51
University of Verona10.50.50.5
Tab. 1 – Results obtained from the analysis of basic skills
TRANSVERSE SKILLS
 MANAGEMENT AREAINNOVATIVE AREARELATIONAL AREA
University of Bari011
University of Bologna111
University of Cagliari011
University of Campania111
University of Catania011
University of Catanzaro111
University of Cattolica (Rome)111
University of Ferrara011
University of Florence111
University of Genoa111
University of Marche111
University of Messina111
University of Milan111
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia111
University of Naples011
University of Padua011
University of Palermo111
University of Parma111
University of Pavia111
University of Perugia111
University of Pisa111
University of Rome La Sapienza111
University of Rome Tor Vergata111
University of Siena111
University of Turin111
University of Trieste111
University of Verona011
Tab. 2 – Results obtained from the analysis of Comp and Tenze Transversal
TRANSVERSAL TECHNICAL-PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE
 MANAGEMENTTRAININGRESEARCHADVICE
University of Bari000.51
University of Bologna0.500.51
University of Cagliari0001
University of Campania0.500.51
University of Catania0.500.51
University of Catanzaro0111
University of Cattolica (Rome)0.500.51
University of Ferrara000.51
University of Florence0.500.51
University of Genoa1111
University of Marche0.500.51
University of Messina0.500.51
University of Milan1111
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia110.51
University of Naples0000
University of Padua0.5011
University of Palermo0.500.51
University of Parma0.500.51
University of Pavia0.5011
University of Perugia0.5011
University of Pisa000.51
University of Rome La Sapienza0.5011
University of Rome Tor Vergata0.5011
University of Siena0000
University of Turin1011
University of Trieste1111
University of Verona0001
Tab. 3 – Results obtained from the analysis of the Technical-Professional Transversal Skills
TECINCO PROFESSIONAL SKILLS (SPECIFICATIONS) (1)
 LOGOPEDIC EVALUATION AND BALANCE
Assume objective and subjective information for the identification of the rehabilitative needs of the person and the communityFormulate therapeutic objectives referable to the speech therapy clinicAssess the socio-environmental contextEnable and rehabilitate pathologies of the voice, word, oral and written language, communicative and cognitive disabilities and oral functions
University of Bari1101
University of Bologna1101
University of Cagliari1101
University of Campania1101
University of Catania1101
University of Catanzaro1101
University of Cattolica (Rome)1101
University of Ferrara1101
University of Florence1101
University of Genoa1101
University of Marche1101
University of Messina1101
University of Milan1101
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia1101
University of Naples1101
University of Padua1101
University of Palermo1101
University of Parma1101
University of Pavia1101
University of Perugia1101
University of Pisa1101
University of Rome La Sapienza1101
University of Rome Tor Vergata1101
University of Siena1101
University of Turin1101
University of Trieste1101
University of Verona1101
Tab. 4 – Results obtained from the analysis of the Specific Technical Professional Skills: Speech Therapy Evaluation and Report
TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS (SPECIFICATIONS) (2)
 CARE AND REHABILITATION
Define the rehabilitation programPerform the rehabilitation interventionCheck the effectiveness of the interventionAddressing critical situations
University of Bari1100
University of Bologna1111
University of Cagliari1110
University of Campania1110
University of Catania110.50
University of Catanzaro1111
University of Cattolica (Rome)1100
University of Ferrara1100
University of Florence1111
University of Genoa1111
University of Marche1111
University of Messina1101
University of Milan1111
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia1111
University of Naples1100
University of Padua1111
University of Palermo1111
University of Parma1111
University of Pavia1110
University of Perugia1111
University of Pisa1000
University of Rome La Sapienza1111
University of Rome Tor Vergata1111
University of Siena1111
University of Turin1111
University of Trieste1111
University of Verona1100
Tab. 5 – Results obtained from the analysis of the Specific Technical Professional Skills: Care and Rehabilitation
TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS (SPECIFICATIONS) (3)
 PREVENTION
Preventing the effects of speech, speech, oral and written language, communicative and cognitive disabilities and oral functionsPromote health in the speech therapy clinic
University of Bari0.51
University of Bologna11
University of Cagliari11
University of Campania11
University of Catania10
University of Catanzaro10
University of Cattolica (Rome)11
University of Ferrara11
University of Florence11
University of Genoa11
University of Marche11
University of Messina11
University of Milan11
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia11
University of Naples11
University of Padua10
University of Palermo11
University of Parma11
University of Pavia11
University of Perugia11
University of Pisa01
University of Rome La Sapienza10
University of Rome Tor Vergata11
University of Siena11
University of Turin11
University of Trieste11
University of Verona11
Tab. 6 – Results obtained from the analysis of the Specific Technical Professional Skills: Prevention
TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS (SPECIFICATIONS) (4)
 THERAPEUTIC EDUCATION
Carry out educational interventions in the speech therapy fieldEstablish a helping relationship
University of Bari11
University of Bologna11
University of Cagliari11
University of Campania10
University of Catania11
University of Catanzaro11
University of Cattolica (Rome)10
University of Ferrara11
University of Florence11
University of Genoa11
University of Marche11
University of Messina11
University of Milan11
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia11
University of Naples0.50
University of Padua11
University of Palermo11
University of Parma11
University of Pavia00
University of Perugia11
University of Pisa10
University of Rome La Sapienza11
University of Rome Tor Vergata11
University of Siena10
University of Turin11
University of Trieste11
University of Verona01
Tab. 7 – Results obtained from the analysis of the Specific Technical Professional Skills: Therapeutic Education
TOTAL SCORESTOTAL 0-23
 BASIC SKILLS 0-4TRANSVERSAL SKILLS 0-3TRANSVERSAL TECHNICAL-PROFESSIONAL SKILLS 0-4SPECIFIC TECHNICAL-PROFESSIONAL SKILLS
LOGOPEDIC EVALUATION AND BALANCE 0-4CARE AND REHABILITATION 0-4PREVENTION 0-2TERAPEUTIC EDUCATION A 0-2
University of Bari2.521.5321.5214.5
University of Bologna3.532342219.5
University of Cagliari0.521332213.5
University of Campania2.532332116.5
University of Catania32232.51215.5
University of Catanzaro2.533341218.5
University of Cattolica (Rome)2.532322115.5
University of Ferrara321.5322215.5
University of Florence332342219
University of Genoa3.534342221.5
University of Marche2.532342218.5
University of Messina232332217
University of Milan334342221
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia333.5342220.5
University of Naples3203220.512.5
University of Padua2.522.5341217
University of Palermo1.532342217.5
University of Parma2.532342218.5
University of Pavia2.532.5332117
University of Perugia332.5342118.5
University of Pisa1.531.5321113
University of Rome La Sapienza232.5341217.5
University of Rome Tor Vergata332.5342219.5
University of Siena2.530342115.5
University of Turin3.533342220.5
University of Trieste3.534342221.5
University of Verona2.521322113.5
Tab. 8 – Results obtained from the analysis of skills: Total scores for each university

Discussion

This study aims to identify which skills are always present in the degree courses of Italian universities and which then become “specific” for the speech therapist profession. The results of this work are useful in order to standardize the framework of the speech therapist’s skills; a need that derives from the lack of homogeneity present within the various training offers proposed by Italian universities. The advantage of having specific well-defined and above all homogeneous skills among the various universities in the national territory, as well as being an essential tool for clinical activity, is a demonstration of a suitable conduct to protect both the healthcare professional and the patient. The study of the SUA cards of the CDL in Speech Therapy present in Italy has shown that, with reference to the technical professional skills (i.e. the specific ones), only a few CDLs do not have these skills in their SUA card. In particular, the technical and professional skills always present in the SUA files are:

  • With reference to the “Speech Therapist Assessment and Budget”, the skills that are always present are: “to take objective and subjective information to identify the rehabilitative needs of the person and the community”; “Formulate therapeutic objectives referable to the speech therapy clinic”; “Enabling and rehabilitating pathologies of the voice, word, oral and written language, communication and cognitive disabilities and oral functions”. The competence that is absent in all the SUA files regards knowing how to evaluate the socio-environmental context.
  • With reference to the “Care and Rehabilitation” competence, in its specific sub-areas, it is noted: the competence “to define the rehabilitation program” is present in all the SUA files. While the competence defined “carry out the rehabilitation intervention” does not emerge in the SUA form of the CDL of Pisa. Regarding the skills “Check the effectiveness of the intervention” and “Addressing critical situations” there are discrepancies, in fact: the first is present in 19 CDL, absent in 7 CDL and partially present in only one CDL; while the second is absent in 10 USA files.
  • With reference to the “Prevention” competence, the ever-present competences are: “to prevent the effects of pathologies of the voice, word, oral and written language, communicative and cognitive disabilities and oral functions”. The competence “promoting health in the speech therapy clinic” is absent in 4 SUA files.
  • With reference to the “Therapeutic Education” competence, in its specific sub-areas, it is noted that the competence “to carry out education interventions in the speech therapy field” is almost always present, with only two cases in which it is absent and one case in which it is partially present; the competence “to establish a helping relationship” is absent in 6 SUA form.

From the analysis of the scores, it emerges that the SUA cards with the most deficiencies, with reference to all the skills analyzed, are those that have achieved a score less than or equal to 16. While the most complete SUA cards, that is, that have the highest number of skills, are those that have achieved a score equal to or greater than 19. The maximum score that can be accrued, for all the skills analyzed, is 23.

In the table below, the scores totaled in the Italian universities examined.

CCDL in LOGOPEDIATTotal scores
University of Genoa21.5
University of Trieste21.5
University of Milan21
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia20.5
University of Turin20.5
University of Bologna19.5
University of Rome Tor Vergata19.5
University of Florence19
University of Catanzaro18.5
University of Marche18.5
University of Parma18.5
University of Perugia18.5
University of Palermo17.5
University of Rome La Sapienza17.5
University of Messina17
University of Padua17
University of Pavia17
University of Campania16.5
University of Catania15.5
University of Cattolica (Rome)15.5
University of Ferrara15.5
University of Siena15.5
University of Bari14.5
University of Cagliari13.5
University of Verona13.5
University of Pisa13
University of Naples12.5
Tab. 9Scores scored in the Italian universities examined

 An analysis of the scores accrued in relation to specific technical and professional skills only, showed that as many as 11 SUA cards have scored 11 out of a maximum of 12. Only 6 SUA cards have scored less than or equal to 9.

CDL IN LOGOPEDIASpecific technical-professional skills scores
University of Bologna11
University of Florence11
University of Genoa11
University of Marche11
University of Milan11
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia11
University of Palermo11
University of Parma11
University of Rome Tor Vergata11
University of Turin11
University of Trieste11
University of Cagliari10
University of Catanzaro10
University of Messina10
University of Padua10
University of Perugia10
University of Rome La Sapienza10
University of Siena10
University of Campania9
University of Ferrara9
University of Pavia9
University of Bari8.5
University of Catania8.5
University of Cattolica (Rome)8
University of Verona8
University of Naples7.5
University of Pisa7
Tab. 10 – Scores scored in Italian universities relating only to specific technical professional skills

The research also showed that in 7 Italian regions there are more than one CDL in speech therapy. In particular:

  • in Emilia-Romagna there are 4 CDLs in Speech Therapy;
  • in Lazio, Sicily and Tuscany there are 3 CDLs in Speech Therapy;
  • in Campania, Lombardy and Veneto there are 2 CDLs in Speech Therapy.

In Abruzzo, Basilicata, Molise, Trentino Alto Adige and Valle d’Aosta there is no CDL in Speech Therapy.

In the following table (Table 11) it is also possible to appreciate the score variations in the regions where there are more than one CDL in Speech Therapy.

Tab. 11

The following table (Table 12) shows the scores, both total and relating to specific technical-professional skills, of the CDL in Speech Therapy present on the national territory divided by geographical area (Northern Italy, Central Italy and Southern Italy). The 27 CDLs in Speech Therapy in Italy are divided as follows: 11 in Northern Italy, 8 in Central Italy and 8 in Southern Italy. Looking at the graph, it can be seen that the SUA cards of the CDL in Logopedia that have achieved a higher score, both for the total scores and those related to specific technical and professional skills, are more widely distributed in the Northern Italy area.

Analysis of the data shows that the average for the total scores is:

  • 18.72 for Northern Italy;
  • 17,13 for Central Italy;
  • 15.69 for Southern Italy.

While, the average for the scores attributed to specific technical and professional skills is:

  • 10.27 for Northern Italy;
  • 9.75 for Center Italy;
  • 9.31 for Southern Italy.

Tab. 12

Conclusions

This work aims to provide a picture of the specific skills common to the training objectives of the Degree Courses in Speech Therapy, identified in the 2017/2018 academic year. From what emerged at national level, it is clear that: basic skills were insufficient as regards the areas of labor law and company organization; transversal skills were instead well defined and almost always present; the transversal technical-professional skills appeared insufficient for the areas of management and research; Among the specific technical and professional skills, the competence on “assessment of the socio-environmental context” is particularly lacking. The need to standardize the skills plan is fundamental in terms of specific training, in order to guarantee all the students of the Logopedia CDL the skills necessary for the speech therapy clinical exercise. High evidence of the technical-professional skills within the educational systems appears fundamental for the creation of professionals who are able to operate in their specific sector with efficacy, efficiency, responsibility and autonomy, interacting with other professional figures, from whom they must know how to stand out and with whom they will have to collaborate to safeguard and improve the health of citizens. What has been said has emerged both at a territorial and at a national level: the non-homogeneities detected inevitably lead to the proliferation of professionals with adequate skills on some fronts but incomplete on others, thus not guaranteeing Italian citizens the same quality of treatment throughout the territory national. It is therefore desirable that healthcare professionals fulfill complete and homogeneous skills, which should not be acquired only with respect to the geographical area of ​​relevance, but also at national and institutional level. This would represent a real advantage both for the protection of the patient and for the healthcare professional: the advantage of having specific, well-defined and uniform skills, related to one’s profession, essential for clinical activity. In light of what emerged from the results of this study, it is hoped that the publication of this research will allow the universities concerned to follow up on the current state of the CDL in speech therapy, so as to guarantee common and homogeneous training courses throughout the national territory.

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