Analysis of the didactic regulations of the degree courses in speech therapy in Italy


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Submission Date: 2020-10-14
Review Date: 2021-02-18
Pubblication Date: 2021-02-25

Introduction

The didactic regulations of the study courses govern the didactic activity for the specific aspects of each single course in compliance with the University didactic regulations . Therefore, the regulation is a fundamental tool that defines the number of educational credits for each year of the course, also specifying the fraction of the total hourly commitment that must be reserved for individual study or other individual training activities.

The working group has chosen to dedicate itself to this work to have a broader and more complete perspective on university training in Italy , it seemed interesting to us to deepen the analysis of the degree courses in speech therapy, focusing attention on didactic regulations.

Having homogeneous training courses is a necessary prerogative to be able to shape new professionals with a wealth of knowledge and similar skills regardless of their own “alma mater”. This aim is achieved through didactic regulations that are as similar as possible in order to ensure a certain homogeneity in the training of students.

This work is the result of analytical research, through which every single didactic regulation of the 27 Italian Universities that include the Degree Course in Speech Therapy in their training offer was meticulously researched and analyzed.

To carry out this analysis we first traced the didactic regulations of the CdS using the Universitaly portal and the individual websites of the various universities; afterwards , the study of the documents found was carried out.

The purpose of this paper is to assess whether in Italy there is a certain homogeneity in the training offer and in the teaching methods for the degree courses in speech therapy. Furthermore, through this research it is possible, indirectly through the didactic regulations, to evaluate the quality of the Degree Course and of the training provided with a constructive intent and not with the aim of making a criticism for its own sake, in fact it is our intention to share this work with the Conference Permanent degree courses of the health professions.

In order to obtain the absolute homogeneity of training among students and to minimize the differences between the same Degree Courses, the hope is that sooner or later we will reach a single and valid teaching regulation for the Degree Courses the same profession present on the Italian territory.

Materials and methods

For a choice of field, linked to the aims set , we focused our attention on certain aspects of the didactic regulations, deciding to leave out others related to the autonomy that each University enjoys.

To obtain the latest teaching regulations of the universities that in their educational offer include the CDL In speech therapy we got served the UniversItaly portal. This site is a real gateway that allows you to enter the world of degree and higher education courses in Italy. It is a valid tool for carrying out research on the educational offers of Italian universities in a simple and effective way.

The Italian Universities that boast the Degree Course in Speech Therapy are: the University of Bari “Aldo Moro” (21 places), the University of Bologna (19 places), the University of Cagliari (27 places) , the University of Catania (20 places), the University of Ferrara (27 places), the University of Florence (15 places), the University of Genoa (16 places), the ‘University of L’Aquila (36 places), the University of Messina (19 places), the University of Milan (73 places), the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (30 places), the ‘University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (24 places), the University of Naples “Federico II” (27 places), the University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli” (60 places), the University of Studies of Padua (31 places), the University of Palermo (25 places), the University of Parma (13 places), the University of Pavia (24 places), the University of the Studies of Perugia (30 places), the University of Pisa (16 places), the Polytechnic University of Merche (25 places), the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (39 places), the University of Studies of Rome “Tor

Vergata” (82 places), the University of Siena (20 places), the University of Turin (29 places), the University of Trieste (21 places) and the University of Verona (30 places).

The degree courses of these universities offer from a minimum of 13 places (University of Parma) to a maximum of 82 places (University of ROME “Tor Vergata”), for a total of 799 places.

In our analysis we have focused our attention on: Credits and teaching methods; Obligations of attendance, verification of profit and acquisition of CFU; Prerequisites and barriers; Final test.

Results

The peculiarities of each didactic regulation of the CdL in Speech Therapy present on the Italian territory are presented below. The data refer to the Didactic Regulations for the academic year 2018/2019.

A summary table is also attached which contains the data, for each Degree Course, on which this research has focused.

1.University of bari “Aldo Moro”

The University of Bari distinguishes training activities in basic, characterizing and related activities. These activities are organized in integrated courses (maximum 16), consisting of no more than 6 teaching modules. Each didactic module, which refers to a scientific disciplinary sector, is assigned an integer number of credits (at least 1 credits) so that each integrated course corresponds to at least 6 credits (exceptionally 5). Each CFU corresponds to 12 hours of frontal teaching.

The optional teaching activity (ADO), to which 6 ECTS are assigned, is freely chosen by the student from among the activities proposed by the degree course and / or from other teaching activities of the University and not, provided they are consistent with the aims of the training course.

The seminars (ADE), to which 6 CFU are reserved, are didactic activities aimed at addressing specific topics with a multidisciplinary approach.

Furthermore, from the didactic organization, professional laboratories are foreseen for a total of 3 credits.

3 ECTS are assigned to the teaching of the English language. The knowledge of the English language is expressed by a judgment of suitability formulated by the commission composed of the teaching teacher, a teacher and possibly also by a student of the subject.

The attendance of the training activity is mandatory and is verified by the teachers, who issue the relative certification to the students who have complied with the following obligations by attending: 75% of the individual training activities included in the integrated courses and of the training activities foreseen for the learning the English language; 100% of the activities foreseen for the professional internship. The certificate of attendance is mandatory for the acquisition of the relative CFUs through the profit tests which may consist of exams or assessments of suitability.

The assessment of the results of the courses grouped in each integrated course is verified by means of an exam taken in the presence of the commission, which includes all the teachers of the courses, chaired by the coordinator of the integrated course. The test ends with a mark expressed out of thirty which constitutes the overall assessment of the student’s achievement and cannot be divided into separate assessments on the individual courses. At the end of each year of the course, the evaluation of the internship is certified out of thirty by an exam taken in front of a commission made up of the internship coordinator, with the functions of president, a teacher and at least one professional tutor

Students must take the exams in compliance with certain prerequisites, under penalty of cancellation of the exam taken in contravention of this obligation.

For enrollment in years following the first, students can:

  • enroll in the second year of the course provided that the attendance signatures of all the teaching courses and at least 75% of the hours foreseen for the professional internship have been acquired;
  • enroll in the third year of the course having passed the professional internship exam of the first and second year;
  • take and record the exams of the second and third year of the course, having passed, in compliance with the prerequisites, all the exams of the previous years except two.

First and second year students, who did not meet the previous requirements, are enrolled as repeating students. Third year students who have not completed the training cycle are enrolled in the years following the third year as out of course students.

In order to be admitted to the final exam, it is necessary to have obtained all the credits in the training activities foreseen in the study plan, including those relating to the professional internship. 6 credits are assigned to the preparation of the thesis. The thesis request must be presented to the President of the Degree Program at least six months before the relative session by filling in the appropriate form.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF BARI
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 12 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 1 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Bari
2 University of Bologna

The headquarters of this CdL is at the Ravenna campus. From the analysis of the didactic regulations, it is not possible to identify how many hours of frontal teaching correspond to each CFU.

Attendance to lectures, supplementary activities, professional training activities and professional workshops is at least 75%, while for internship activities it is 100%. For students who have not complied with the expected frequency for internships, the Degree Course will organize remedial internships in periods that are established annually. In compliance with the principles defined by the University Didactic Regulations, the procedures for verifying attendance at teaching activities are established annually by the Degree Course Council and made public on the Degree Course website.

The teaching plan envisages the cases in which the training activities end with an exam with an evaluation out of thirty or with a judgment of suitability. The methods of carrying out the tests (oral, written or practical form and any combinations thereof) are established annually by the Degree Program when the didactic planning is presented and made known to students before the start of the lessons through the Student Guide.

The optional didactic activity (ADO), to which 6 ECTS are attributed, the student can indicate as autonomously chosen educational activities one or more courses / training activities among those that the degree program identifies annually and makes known through the University Portal.

The seminars (ADE), which are reserved for 6 CFU.

The professional laboratories, foreseen by the didactic system, foresee the acquisition of a total of 3 credits.

3 ECTS are assigned to the teaching of the English language.

The final exam is awarded 6 ECTS and will take place in accordance with the “Regulations on the conduct of the final exam for degrees in the health professions”, approved by the School Council.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
Tab. 2 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Bologna
3 University of Cagliari

The CdL of Cagliari corresponds to each credit 25 hours of work for the student and 8 hours of frontal teaching.

The student enrolled in the Cdl, is obliged to attend all the training activities provided for in Didactic Programming. The didactic regulations of the study courses must define the modalities of the attendance obligations. the attestation of attendance is the institutional task of the teacher responsible for the teaching / course / integrated course; the minimum percentage of documented attendance by the student for each integrated course / professionalizing activity cannot be less than 67% of the total number of hours provided.

The student is admitted to take the CI exam only if in possession of the certificate of attendance. The IC exam takes place on a single date for the various disciplines / modules making up the IC itself. The IC exam may involve one or more written, oral, practical, mock or mixed tests. Evaluation and grading are global and no debts for single disciplines are allowed.

Each vocational laboratory credit corresponds to 25 hours of attendance, only one credit is provided for in the study plan.

As regards language skills, at the beginning of the 1st year of the course, students undergo a preliminary test, called the “placement test”, aimed at verifying the level of English language skills possessed at the time of enrollment. From the results obtained in this test, each student will be indicated the level of the first course that they will be required to attend and at the same time they will be awarded the CFU corresponding to the levels of skills already possessed. Verification of the achievement of the required level of English is done, at the end of the course, through a written test. Upon passing the assessment corresponding to each level, the relative credits are awarded.

Activities chosen independently by the student, as long as they are consistent with the training path, from among the following types: additional internship activities (upon presentation of a specific project by the Internship Coordinator), additional level of knowledge of the English language acquired with the placement test or further course from agree with the teaching secretariat, seminars / conferences / training courses, active teaching at the University, validation of previous careers, exams, masters or professional activities etc.

To be admitted to the final exam, it is necessary to have achieved all the credits in the training activities foreseen in the study plan (180 CFU), including the credits to be dedicated to training activities in preparation for the Final Exam, as specified in the didactic planning.

From the analysis of the study plan it is clear that the CdL of Cagliari allocates 5 CFU to the final exam.

The student, in order to be regularly enrolled in the years following the First, must be in compliance with the certificates of attendance of all the educational and professional activities foreseen, for the year of the Course preceding the one for which he requests enrollment, from the relative educational offer as specified in the didactic planning. They must also have accrued, by 30 September, a minimum number of CFUs equal to 50% of the CFUs of the 1st year to pass from the 1st to the 2nd year of the course, and all the CFUs of the 1st year and a number minimum equal to 50% of the credits of the 2nd year to pass to the 3rd year of the course. There are no prerequisites between courses .

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

NB In the didactic regulations the credits assigned to seminars and activities chosen by the student are not indicated.

UNIVERSITY OF CAGLIARI
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)67% training activities 67% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 8 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop1 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 3 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Cagliari
4 University of Catania

The Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Catania establishes that 1 ECTS of frontal teaching is equivalent to 7 hours of lessons and 18 hours of individual study.

Attendance to training activities is compulsory within the limits of at least 70% of the frontal and interactive teaching activity of each course. In integrated courses, this minimum percentage must be ensured for each module. The certificate of attendance to the teaching activities of a teaching course is necessary for the student to take the related exam. Students who have representative positions are exempted from attending training activities when they coincide with the sessions of the collegial bodies to which they belong. The student who has not acquired the attendance of the courses foreseen by his own training course, in the previous course year, is regularly enrolled in the following year, without prejudice to the obligation to attend the courses for which he has not obtained the certificate of attendance . At the end of the 3 years, the student is enrolled as out of course with the obligation to obtain the certificate of attendance of the courses according to the prerequisite principle.

The status of student worker, student athlete and student in difficulty is envisaged. On the basis of what is indicated in the law, the Degree Program grants, upon documentation, to these categories of students the reduction of the compulsory attendance (up to a maximum of 20%), the possibility of taking the exams in the extraordinary sessions reserved for out of course students and to participate in specific didactic support activities.

Laboratory activities are a form of interactive teaching addressed to a small group of students; 1 CFU of frontal teaching is on average equivalent to 15 hours of exercises or equivalent assisted activities and the remaining hours to study and personal re-elaboration.

The professional training activity allows you to learn the fundamental principles for the exercise of the speech therapy profession, in relation to the acquisition of specific interventions aimed at the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation-rehabilitation of communication, language, voice and swallowing. 1 CFU of professionalizing internship is equivalent to 25 hours of activity. Professional laboratories of the specific SSD, 3 CFU in the second year equivalent to 75 hours.

As part of the “Other Activities” credits are provided for the following activities: “Disciplines chosen by the student” and “Additional Educational Activities”.

Verification of learning takes place through certification assessments, but formative assessments (in itinere tests) are also recognized exclusively aimed at detecting the effectiveness of learning and teaching processes in relation to specific contents. The exams may include several stages, including written or practical ones, but are in any case concluded in oral form through an interview between the student and the examining commission, aimed at ascertaining the degree of learning and understanding of the topics contained in the course program. which it refers to. The mark of the exam, expressed out of thirty, takes into account the positive results achieved in tests or interviews that may have been sustained during the course of the relative didactic activities.

There are no individual study plans. However, students have a wide choice of ADEs (Elective Educational Activities) to attend in the first, second and third year. In no case is enrollment in “single courses” allowed to follow the courses of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy, a limited number study course at national level.

To be admitted to the final exam, the student must have acquired a total of 6 ECTS (2 ECTS for each year) by attending freely chosen educational activities (elective teaching activities, ADE) within a range of proposals offered annually by the Degree Program on the recommendation of the teachers. The ADEs proposed by the CdL can correspond to two different types: seminar-type courses or practical and / or experiential and / or congress activities. The ADEs, even if assigned to a specific year of the course, do not give rise to any prerequisites. Attendance at ADEs is mandatory and cannot be less than 70%.

To be admitted to the final exam, the student must have acquired a total of 13 ECTS by attending additional training activities: Additional language skills, English (2 ECTS respectively in the 1st and 3rd years), Other Activities, such as English, knowledge IT and seminar activities (2 CFU in the first year and 4 CFU in the third year) and Other knowledge useful for entering the world of work, laboratory (3 CFU in the second year – 75 hours).

In order to obtain the Degree, a final exam is required with the value of a State examination enabling professional practice. In order to be admitted to the final exam, the student must have followed all the courses, passed the relative exams and obtained 175 of the 180 credits required by the degree course, as 5 credits are dedicated to the preparation of the degree thesis.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF CATANIA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)70% training activities 70% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 7 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language2 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 4 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Catania
5 Catholic university of the Sacred Heart

The Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, founded in 1921, is an Italian private university of Catholic inspiration, with its headquarters in Milan and other branches in Brescia, Cremona, Piacenza and Rome. Only in this case the Degree Course in Speech Therapy is delivered by a private university.

The seat of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy is the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – UCSC Rome.

The unit of measurement of the work required of the student to carry out any training activity necessary to achieve the educational objectives is the university training credit (CFU), which corresponds to 25 hours of work, of which 50% dedicated to individual study. Credits are acquired after passing the exam or other form of learning assessment.

Learning assessment can take place through formative assessments and certification assessments. The formative evaluations (tests in itinere) are exclusively aimed at detecting the effectiveness of the learning and teaching processes. The certification assessments are instead aimed at evaluating and quantifying the achievement of the learning objectives with a mark, certifying the degree of individual preparation of the students.

Attendance of the courses making up the course of study, including related activities and courses chosen by the student, is compulsory. Access to the exams is subject to attendance of at least 75% of the scheduled lectures and lectures for all courses. The percentage of attendance is calculated on the number of lessons attended and not on the hours of each single lesson attended. At the end of the lessons of each course the student must acquire the attendance signature from the teacher in charge of teaching. The student can take the exam only after having obtained the signature of the teacher in charge of teaching on the attendance book.

The scheduled teaching includes the courses that the student will have to follow throughout the course of study, from enrollment to graduation. The curriculum includes courses strictly linked to the values of the University (eg Theology 1, Theology 2, Theology 3).

The student must also acquire 6 CFU for elective courses.

The student obtains regular enrollment for the following course year if he has passed all the exams foreseen in the study plan for a given course year or where by the autumn exam session (September / October) he still has to pass two scheduled exams from the study plan for the course year, excluding English, Theology and the Internship exam. Otherwise the student will be enrolled out of the course. The internship exam must be taken by the autumn session of September / October.

It is not possible to take exams of the following year without passing all the exams of the previous year. Students who have not passed the previous year’s internship exam are not admitted to attend the internship of the following year.

Preliminary courses are foreseen between the courses.

Attendance at the scheduled clinical internship is mandatory and requires a minimum commitment of 60 CFU. An Internship CFU corresponds to 25 hours of commitment for the student. The credits reserved for the Internship are to be understood as the overall commitment necessary for the student to achieve the professional skills required by the professional profile.

The study plan requires the student to achieve at least 6 ECTS in the three years of the course for elective courses; the student may nevertheless decide to follow elective courses for a number of credits higher than 6.

The other activities consist of seminars, congresses, refresher courses, interactive courses in small groups. For the attestation of the CFU, the student must present suitable certification relating to participation in the event, for a total of 6 CFU. It is also necessary that the Board of the Didactic Structure expresses a favorable opinion regarding the educational value of the event.

The number of credits assigned to the professional laboratory is not reported either in the study plan or in the teaching regulations.

3 CFU are allocated to the final exam.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF SACRED HEART
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)70% training activities 70% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language6 CFU
Final test3 CFU
Tab. 5 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
6 University of campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”

The University of Campania assigns 6 CFU to the activities of your choice; 6 CFU for seminars and 3 CFU for professional laboratory. 4 CFU are also allocated to the study of the English language. Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours for the SNT / 2 and SNT / 3 Degree Courses.

Within the Courses, the division of credits and teaching times into the various teaching activities is defined, as follows: frontal lesson, seminar, tutorial teaching, training activities chosen by the student, training and internships.

The learning outcomes are assessed with a final oral, practical or written test, an opportunity to verify the achievement of the objectives set, unique and contextual for each course, necessary for the acquisition of training credits. The forms of evaluation of the various activities include exams with grade, suitability or attendance. The votes are expressed out of thirty.

Attendance to formal teaching activities, supplementary activities, professional training activities and internships is mandatory. Admission to exams is allowed if attendance at teaching activities is not less than 75% of the total tuition. To be admitted to the final graduation exam, which has an enabling value, the student must have passed all the exams, and have obtained a positive evaluation of all the internships.

For the preparation of the final exam, the student has available the credits specified in the study plan. 5 CFU are intended for the final exam.

Preliminary courses are foreseen between the courses.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF CAMPANIA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 75% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 6 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Campania
7 University of Ferrara

The degree course of the University of Ferrara develops its teaching in presence. Attendance to lectures and exercises / internships is mandatory. The certificate of attendance is automatically given to all enrolled students; in the event that the student has not attended the percentage of hours established by the teacher, the course holder will be able to communicate in writing to the Student Secretariat, at the end of the semester, the names of these students. In the scholastic career, an unattained attendance will be recorded, which must be recovered from the following AY, taking into account any barriers between one year of course and the next.

The student can acquire 6 credits drawing both from the courses offered by the degree program and from other courses taught at the University.

The student will also have to acquire professional laboratories (3 CFU) and seminar activities (6 CFU).

To enroll in the following year of the course, the following requirements must be met: having attended 100% of the number of hours foreseen for the internship of the specific course year; have attended at least 75% of the scheduled teaching activity of each module; have passed, by the September exam session, the exams of the current year, with a residual not exceeding three exams; have passed, by the September exam session, the exams of the current year, with a residual not exceeding three exams.

The exams of the courses chosen by the student do not affect the barriers in any way. The student who, during the academic year, has not obtained the certificate of attendance at at least 75% of the hours provided for each module or who has not fulfilled the commitment of the internship, both in terms of attendance and the achievement of objectives established, is enrolled, in the following academic year, even in excess, as repeating, with the obligation to attend courses and internships for which he has not obtained the certification. On the other hand, the student who, on the date of enrollment in the following year of the course, is missing more than three exams (excluding elective courses) must enroll as an out of course. The student cannot enroll as an out-of-course and / or as a repeating student for a number of times greater than four in the entire course of study. Those who exceed the number of times required for off-course and / or repeating enrollment will be excluded from the aforementioned degree course at the University of Ferrara, with the end of the career carried out in that degree course at this University. Any serious and justified exceptions may be approved by the Degree Course Council or by the competent Credit Commission. The resolution of the Council or the Credit Commission has executive force.

The final test of the three-year degrees of the health professions, with the value of a State examination enabling the profession. The University of Ferrara assigns 8 ECTS to the final exam (this data is not expressed in the didactic regulations, but in the study plan).

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

Preliminary courses are foreseen between the courses.

UNIVERSITY OF FERRARA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test8 CFU
Tab. 7 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Ferrara
8 University of Florence

The training activity of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Florence is carried out through lectures, workshops, seminars, small group work, problem based learning (PBL), e-learning and process-based teaching. Professional training activities are also provided in public and private structures that are in possession of the necessary requirements to guide students during their learning.

The evaluation criteria of the students must make it possible to measure the knowledge, skills and abilities required for the achievement of the degree. The achievement of the learning objectives will be certified through the passing of the exams foreseen for each Course of Studies with the consequent acquisition of the relative university credits (CFU). The teaching activity is organized in integrated or mono-disciplinary courses. The maximum number of exams to pass to access the final exam for graduation is 20, including three exams for professional activities and one for activities chosen by the student. Students who do not pass the internship exam for the previous year are not admitted to attend the internship of the following year. In the event of interruption of attendance for more than two academic years, the Degree Course in Speech Therapy Council may prescribe the repetition of all or part of the internship already carried out; the repetition of the internship is mandatory if the interruption is more than three years.

Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended. Any prerequisites will be approved annually by the competent didactic structure.

To be admitted to take the final exam (degree exam), which has an enabling value, the student must have passed all the required exams, have completed all the training internships with a positive evaluation, through certification. The University of Florence assigns 7 ECTS to the final exam. Any career incentives may be provided on the basis of specific resolutions of the Degree Course Council.

The didactic regulations do not contain information about the other training activities, the professional laboratory and the elective activities.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF FLORENCE
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)Strongly recommended
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADOMissing information
HADESMissing information
Professional workshopMissing information
English language2 CFU
Final test7 CFU
Tab. 8 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Florence

9 University of Genoa

The training activities provided by the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Genoa include classroom teaching activities, seminars, internships and other activities aimed at acquiring knowledge and skills complementary to the institutional training given.

It is compulsory to respect the prerequisites between courses with progressive number and the same title.

To enroll in the following year it is necessary to obtain all the attendance signatures and have successfully passed the internship exam of the previous year.

The fraction of the total hourly commitment reserved for personal study is equal to at least 50% of the number of hours provided for each training credit, excluding theoretical-practical and internship activities.

Attendance to educational activities is mandatory and must be: not less than 75% of the training activity carried out in the context of the individual theoretical didactic activities and of the didactic activities of choice, equal to 100% (already foreseeing recovery periods in itinere) for the internship activity. Verification of attendance is the responsibility of the teaching teacher, according to the procedures established by the Degree Course Council (CCL), which assesses its effectiveness. The attestation of attendance to the compulsory didactic activities is necessary for the Student to take the relative exam.

Within the integrated courses, the subdivision of credits and teaching times in the different forms of teaching activities is defined as follows:

  • Classroom teaching activities (1 CFU is equal to 10 hours of classroom activities and 15 of individual study).
  • Seminar activities (1 CFU is equal to 6-8 hours of classroom activities and 17-19 hours of individual study).
  • Internships (1 CFU is equal to 25 hours of student work).
  • Professionalizing workshops (1 CFU is equal to 25 hours of activity in the presence).
  • Educational activities chosen by the student; 6 ECTS are allocated to these activities.

For each training activity followed, the Student will take an exam to ascertain the profit. Verification of learning can take place in written, oral, or written and oral form, at the choice of the teacher responsible for teaching. Where the specificity of the discipline requires it, the teacher can also establish the integration of the exam with practical and simulated tests. For the English language there is a suitability judgment.

Students are admitted to the final graduation exam only after having attended the courses indicated in the study plan and passed the relevant exams, completed the required professional internship and passed the tests relating to knowledge of the foreign language (3 CFU). 6 ECTS are allocated to the final exam.

The didactic regulations do not contain information about the credits assigned to the seminar activities.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF GENOA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADOMissing information
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshopMissing information
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 9 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Genoa
10 University of the Eagle

The educational activities foreseen in the Study Course in Speech Therapy of the University of L’Aquila provide for the acquisition by the students of university training credits (CFU). Each CFU corresponds to 30 hours of total commitment per student. The average amount of total learning commitment carried out in a year by a student engaged full-time in university studies is conventionally set at 60 credits. The fraction of the total hourly commitment reserved for personal study or other individual training activities cannot be less than 50%, except in the case in which training activities with a high experimental or practical content are provided. The standard load corresponding to 1 CFU may include: frontal teaching: 10 hours / CFU; exercises or equivalent assisted activities: 12 hours / CFU; individual practice in the laboratory: 16 hours / CFU; internship activity: 25 hours / CFU.

The educational credits corresponding to each educational activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or following another form of verification of the preparation or skills achieved.

Enrollment in the following year of the course is allowed to students regardless of the type of exams taken and the number of credits acquired, without prejudice to the possibility for the student to enroll as a repeating student.

The teaching activity is divided into the following forms: lectures, remote teaching activities (videoconference), practical exercises for groups of students, tutorial activity during the professional training, tutorial activity in laboratory practice, seminar activities.

The acquisition of the training credits related to the training activities leads to the achievement of the Degree in Speech Therapy. In order to obtain a degree in speech therapy, it is in any case necessary to have acquired 180 ECTS, in the fields and scientific-disciplinary sectors provided for by the University Didactic Regulations. The competent Joint Didactic Commission verifies the congruence of the program extension with respect to the number of credits assigned to each training activity.

To be admitted to the final exam, the student must have acquired a total of 6 ECTS by attending freely chosen training activities (optional training activities, AFO) from all the courses activated in the university, also allowing the acquisition of further training credits in the disciplines of basic and characterizing, as long as they are consistent with the training project defined by the study plan.

The Didactic System provides for the acquisition by the student of 12 CFU for activities called “other training activities”. The “other training activities” are divided into the following forms: Knowledge of at least one foreign language (3 CFU); Further linguistic knowledge, IT and telematic skills, seminars, training and orientation internships, internships and traineeships in companies, public and private bodies, professional associations (6 CFU); Professional workshops in the specific field (3 CFU).

The Didactic System provides for the acquisition by the student of 60 ECTS in the disciplinary field “INTERNSHIP”. The internship activities are aimed at making the student acquire specific skills required by the professional profile. The credits reserved for the internship are to be understood as the overall commitment necessary for the student to achieve professional skills.

The student is obliged to attend all forms of didactic activities foreseen in the study plan. The student’s attendance survey is carried out by the teacher. For lectures and videoconferencing, the student must acquire the attestation of attendance at at least 75% of the scheduled hours. The student who is absent from the

internship for justified reasons, must agree with the Director of the didactic activities the ways of making up for such absences.

The final test is assigned n. 6 CFU, of which 5 CFU for individual study and training and 1 CFU for the discussion of the paper.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF THE EAGLE
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 10 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of L’Aquila
11 Politecnica delle Marche university

The Cdl in Speech Therapy for the Polytechnic University of Marche is based in Ancona.

The unit of measurement of the work required of the Student for the completion of each training activity prescribed by the Didactic Regulations to obtain the qualification is the University Formative Credit (CFU). The CFU measures the overall commitment that a student is required to carry out in the context of university studies.

Attendance is compulsory for all study courses of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery. For the theoretical activity, the percentage of attendance required is 70%; for the professionalizing activity this percentage is equal to 100%. Any exceptions to the compulsory attendance can be defined and adequately justified in the Regulations of the individual Degree Programs, limited to the frequency of the theoretical activities. Attendance is verified in compliance with the assessment procedures established by the Faculty. These methods, in the absence of communication to the Student Secretariat of the failure to reach the attendance by the Coordinator of the integrated course or the holder of the single disciplinary module, provide for the detection of attendance by badge and subsequent processing through a computerized procedure managed by the Central Administration.

The certificate of attendance to the didactic activities is necessary for the student to take the exam and to move on to the following year.

The normal duration of the course for the achievement of the degree in Speech Therapy is three years. In order to achieve the educational objectives, the degree course includes 180 ECTS in total, of which 96 dedicated to basic and characterizing teaching activities, 60 to professionalizing clinical training and 24 to other optional teaching activities (6 ECTS), professional laboratory ( 3 CFU), language skills (4 CFU), computer science and thesis preparation (5 CFU). All courses (17 courses, of which 14 integrated courses which include at least two teaching modules and 3 mono-disciplinary courses, 1 laboratory, and seminars) are distributed in semesters. The internship is carried out starting from the second semester of the first year, alternating with frontal teaching activities.

Each CFU corresponds to a commitment required of the student of 25 hours; all teaching modules, seminar activities and elective teaching activities include 10 hours of frontal lessons, and 15 hours of individual study or study guide. The description of the laboratory and internship activities to which 25 hours are dedicated for each CFU is detailed in the regulations attached to this regulation as an integral and substantial part.

The Degree Course in Speech Therapy does not include study plans chosen by the student. The only training activities that are left to the free choice of students are the elective teaching activities (ADE). The choice of

ADEs takes place within a range of proposals offered annually by the Degree Course Council. The total number of ADEs is 6 ECTS for the entire course of study.

All the training activities (basic, characterizing, related, integrative, elective, professionalizing) activated in the Degree Course require attendance. Possible ways of recovering from the frequency of theoretical activities in cases of international mobility or serious and justified reasons evaluated and approved by the Degree Program Board may be agreed with the individual teachers.

The final exam is awarded 5 ECTS.

Preliminary courses are foreseen between the courses. In order to pass the following year, it is necessary to have passed the annual internship exam.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

MARCHE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)70% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 11 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Marche
12 University of Messina

The training activities include: teaching, internships, laboratories, seminars, conferences, internships, courses, also held at suitable public and / or private institutions in Italy and abroad, recognized by the Degree Course Board, which ensure computer and linguistic skills and of cultural importance consistent with the themes of the course itself.

University learning work is measured in CFU (university training credits). Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total commitment per student. The teaching load corresponding to 1 CFU is equal to 8 hours of frontal teaching for the lessons, as well as 12 hours for the internship and laboratory activities. The remaining hours are devoted to individual study. No training activities of any kind can be provided without the corresponding recognition of CFU. The credits assigned to each training activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or following another form of verification of the preparation or skills acquired, according to the type of training activity carried out. There are activities independently chosen by the student, activities relating to the knowledge of a foreign language, internship training activities, activities for the preparation of the final exam, for the latter the student has 5 credits to devote to the preparation of the degree thesis.

The Didactic System of the Course in Speech Therapy provides for the acquisition by the student, over the three-year period, of a total of 6 ECTS of “other activities chosen by the student”. They can be understood as “activities chosen by the student”: o IT courses or foreign language courses o courses in radiation protection or relational skills o conferences, congresses, courses or meetings at trade associations or training internships at organizations, institutions and health facilities o voluntary work of a social, health and humanitarian nature

Attendance at compulsory teaching activity, optional teaching activity (ADO), supplementary activities (AI) and professional training activities (AFP) is compulsory. The teaching activities are divided into lectures and possibly also in exercises, laboratories and seminars. The Degree Course in Speech Therapy favors the conduct of multidisciplinary seminars that allow students to compare knowledge and methodologies. The Degree Course may include teaching experiences in “e-learning” mode.

The certificate of attendance to the compulsory didactic activities of a teaching course is necessary for the student to take the relative exam. The certificate of attendance is affixed to the student’s career by the Student Secretariat, on the basis of the certification sent by the Coordinator of the Integrated Course. The student who

has not obtained the certificate of attendance at at least 75% of the hours foreseen for each official course of a given year, in the following academic year is enrolled, even in excess, as a repeater of the same course year, with the obligation to attend courses for which he has not obtained the certification, without prejudice to recovery activities carried out before the date of enrollment in subsequent academic years.

The exams can be oral and / or written and / or practical, in relation to what is determined by the Degree Program Board. In order to pass the exam it is necessary to achieve the minimum score of 18/30. The possible attribution of honors, in addition to the maximum score of 30/30, is subject to the unanimous evaluation of the Examination Commission.

The passage from one year to the next is allowed only to students who, at the end of the September or December exam sessions, in any case before the start of the first semester courses, have passed all the exams envisaged in the study plan for that year and the internship, with positive evaluation, with a maximum debt of 30 credits. The student who, despite having obtained the regular certificate of attendance to the courses provided for in the study plan for a specific year of the course, is indebted for a number of credits greater than 30, is enrolled in the same year with the qualification of “out of course “, with no obligation to attend. Evaluations of optional teaching activities are not included in the calculation of the teaching debt.

The study plan does not provide for prerequisites, but the acquisition of credits for the transition to the following year.

To be admitted to the final graduation exam, the student must have passed all the exams and acquired all the CFUs required by the study plan.

To be admitted to the final exam, the student must have acquired a total of n. 4 CFU by attending Optional Educational Activities (ADO) within a range of proposals offered annually by the Degree Course Council. Attendance at ADOs is compulsory and cannot be less than 75%. Failure to reach this level of attendance entails the non-admission to the profit test and the non-acquisition of credits relating to the ADOs. The verification of the profit at the ADO gives rise to an evaluation of “approved / not approved” and is carried out by a commission constituted by the teacher or teachers responsible for the ADO itself. The methods of this verification are chosen by the teacher / s according to the type of ADO and approved by the Degree Course Council and can be represented by interviews, written reports, questionnaires and can also take place outside the normal exam sessions. .

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF MESSINA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 8 hours of lessons
ADO4 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 12 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Messina
13 University of Milan

The university formative credit (CFU) is the unit of measurement of the work of learning, including individual study, required of the student for the completion of each formative activity defined by the didactic system to obtain the degree. 1 credit corresponds to 25 hours of work of the student, of which at least 50% must be reserved for individual study, except in the case in which training activities with a high experimental or practical content are provided. Each credit assigned to the various training activities corresponds to: 10 hours for lectures or equivalent teaching activities; the remaining 15 hours of individual study; 15 hours for theoretical-practical exercises or laboratory activities; the remaining 10 of individual study and re-elaboration; 25 hours for the practice of professionalizing internship.

The three-year degree course in Speech Therapy provides 180 credits in total, of which 60 to be acquired in training activities aimed at the development of specific professional skills (internships, practical activities).

The credits corresponding to each teaching course are acquired by the student upon passing the relative exam. Upon completion of the studies, with the acquisition of 180 credits, a degree in Speech Therapy is achieved.

The degree course in Speech Therapy makes use of the following types of didactic / training activities: Lectures and / or seminars; Non-formal teaching; Internship activity.

Elective activities consist of: seminars, internships, participation in conferences / congresses chosen by the student and “summer internships”. The student can freely choose how to distribute the acquisition of the 6 credits foreseen by the study plan during his / her training course as long as he does not acquire more than 3 credits in a year and more than 1 credits for conferences and internships for seminars and internships. conferences throughout the course of study.

At the end of the elective activity, students who have reached at least 75% of attendance will be issued with a certificate of attendance and the consequent acquisition of the credits required for the activity carried out.

Attendance to all theoretical and practical teaching activities envisaged by the Study Manifesto is compulsory. In order to be admitted to take the relative test, the student must have attended at least 75% of the total hours of formal and non-formal didactic activity foreseen for each monographic and integrated course. It is the responsibility of the teacher in charge of the course to verify that the student has complied with the attendance obligation. In case of failure to reach 75% of the hours of attendance, the teachers can indicate alternative training activities, also in the form of self-learning, that the student must carry out and present before being admitted to take the exam. The compulsory attendance of professional activities cannot be replaced. The total number of hours of professionalizing activities, for each year, is to be understood as the one scheduled annually. Any absences from professional activities, for any reason, must be made up for by the student.

To be admitted to the final graduation exam, the student must have acquired 173 credits, including those required for knowledge of the foreign language (2 CFU).

The academic qualification is awarded after passing the final exam, for which 7 ECTS are allocated.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

MILAN
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADOMissing information
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshopMissing information
English language2 CFU
Final test7 CFU
Tab. 13 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Milan
14 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

The Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the UNIMORE University (Modena and Reggio Emilia) is based in Reggio Emilia. 1 CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total student commitment. For each training activity a final assessment is foreseen at the end of the period in which the activity took place. In the case of an integrated course or in any case divided into several modules, the assessment of the student’s profit determines a single mark on the basis of a collegial, contextual and overall evaluation. Upon passing the final assessment, the student acquires a mark expressed out of thirty or an eligibility, together with the credits attributed to the

training activity. The maximum number of exams or final assessments of profit necessary for the achievement of the degree cannot exceed 20.

For the purpose of the calculation, the following training activities must be considered: basic; characterizing; similar or integrative; by choice (6 CFU). The acquisition of 4 CFU in the form of seminars and 3 CFU in the form of a professional laboratory is also envisaged.

The final assessments can consist of: oral exam or written test or written or oral report on the activity carried out or test with free choice or multiple choice questions or laboratory test or computer exercise.

As regards the knowledge of the foreign language, it will be verified through a written and / or oral test aimed at verifying the achievement of the knowledge threshold (B1 or B2 or C1 or C2) defined before the start of the Academic Year by the CCdS. For the knowledge of the English language 4 ECTS are allocated.

The results of the internships will be verified through the successful attendance of the professionalizing internship activities, through the production of written papers, through practical tests in the professional field and / or through oral or laboratory tests by a specific commission.

The CFUs acquired are valid for a period of 5 years from the date of the exam. After this deadline, the CCdS will have to verify the possible obsolescence of the cognitive contents, possibly providing for the determination of new training obligations for the achievement of the degree.

For enrollment in the second and third year of the study course, the following is required: the acquisition of 75% of the attendance in the courses provided for the reference cohort; the acquisition of 100% of the attendance at the Professionalizing Training Activities provided for the reference cohort; the acquisition of at least 45 CFU for enrollment in the 2nd year of the course; the acquisition of at least 105 CFU for enrollment in the 3rd year of the course.

The student is registered as out of course if, having acquired all the frequencies required for the achievement of the academic qualification, he / she is in lack of exams. In any case, the student loses the enrollment status if he does not pass any exam for 5 consecutive academic years.

The final exam has the value of a state exam, enabling the profession of Speech therapist. For this test 7 ECTS are allocated.

The degree is achieved with the acquisition of 180 CFU, in compliance with the maximum number of exams or final assessments of the expected results. The student must also have successfully passed the final exam.

Attendance to teaching activities relating to the courses is compulsory and is ascertained in the forms deemed most suitable by the teachers responsible for the courses. In order to be able to take the final assessment and obtain the CFUs relating to each course, the student must have attended at least 75% of the hours of each course. Furthermore, the student must have attended at least 90% of the hours of laboratory / tutoring activities and 100% of the practical internship activities necessary for carrying out the planned program. The Degree Course in Speech Therapy (class L / SNT2) does not provide students with part-time enrollment. The frequency of teaching activities can be ascertained in the forms deemed most suitable.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF MODENA AND REGGIO EMILIA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO4 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test7 CFU
Tab. 14 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
15 University of Naples “Federico II”

The unit of measurement of the work required of the Student for the completion of each training activity prescribed by the Didactic Regulations to obtain the qualification is the University Formative Credit (CFU). The CL for Speech Therapist provides for a total of 180 ECTS, divided into three years of the course, of which at least 50 to be acquired in training activities aimed at maturing specific professional skills (internship). Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of work for the Student, including: hours of lessons; of the hours of tutorial teaching activities carried out in laboratories, care departments, clinics, day hospitals; of seminar hours; of the hours spent by the Student in the other training activities provided for by the Didactic Regulations; of the hours of self-study necessary to complete his training (not exceeding 30%). The credits corresponding to each course are acquired by the student by passing the relative exam.

The didactic system defines the number of exams that must be taken to access the degree exam, defines the objectives assigned to each of the disciplinary areas and identifies the most suitable didactic forms for their achievement, articulating the training activities in teaching courses.

Within the courses, the division of credits and teaching times into the different forms of teaching activities is defined, as follows: ex-cathedra lesson, seminar, tutorial teaching, Elective Teaching activities (the Student exercises his personal option, up to achievement of a total number of 9 CFU).

4 ECTS are allocated to the study of the English language.

The Student has 5 ECTS and any other 9 ECTS credits at the student’s choice, to be dedicated to the preparation of the Degree Thesis and the final exam.

Attendance of formal teaching activities, supplementary activities, professional training and internship activities is mandatory. The passage to the following years is allowed only if the student has attended the formal teaching activity, completed the number of hours of internship provided, passed the internship and all the exams of the previous year with a positive evaluation; this passage is also allowed if the attendance to the didactic activities is not less than 75% of the total. To be admitted to the final graduation exam – which has an enabling value – the student must have passed all the exams and have had a positive evaluation of all the internships. Attendance is verified by the teachers, according to the procedures established by the CDCL, who communicate the results to the CDCL which evaluates their effectiveness. The attestation of attendance to the compulsory didactic activities of a teaching course is necessary for the student to take the relative exam. The certificate of attendance is affixed to the student booklet by the Student Secretariat Office, on the basis of the assessments made by the teachers, certified by the Course Coordinator who sends them to the Student Secretariat. Students elected to the collegiate bodies justified their absences from teaching activities for the completion of the meetings of the same bodies.

The Student has the availability of 5 credits aimed at preparing the Degree Thesis at training facilities. This Student activity is defined as a “Degree Internship”.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIERSITY OF NAPLES
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES3 CFU
Professional workshop5 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 15 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Naples
16 University of Padua

The teaching activity of the courses of the Degree in Padua is organized according to the quarterly order. 1 CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total student commitment. Internship activities are not considered in the calculation of the total hourly commitment.

For each training activity a final assessment is foreseen at the end of the period in which the activity took place. For the training activities divided into modules, the final assessment of the profit is in any case unitary and collegial. Only passing the final assessment allows the student to acquire the CFUs attributed to the training activity in question.

The maximum number of exams or final assessments of the results necessary for the attainment of the qualification cannot exceed 19. For the purpose of the calculation, the following training activities must be considered: basic; characterizing (including internship); similar or integrative; proposals for free choice (counted as a whole as a single exam).

The final tests can consist of: oral exam or written assignment or written or oral report or test with free choice or multiple choice questions or laboratory test or computer exercise. The procedures in which the assessment is carried out must be the same for all students and respect the provisions established at the beginning of the academic year.

As regards the knowledge of the foreign language, it will be verified with a specific test established at the discretion of the teacher. Knowledge of the foreign language is awarded 3 credits.

The skills acquired through the attendance of seminars, elective courses and further training activities will be verified through a specific test established at the discretion of the teacher. The results of the professional laboratories will be verified by the teacher in charge through a specific test established at the discretion of the teacher on the basis of the training objectives established for the internship. The CFUs acquired are valid for a period of 6 years from the date of the exam. After this deadline, the CCL will have to verify the possible obsolescence of the cognitive contents confirming even only partially the credits acquired.

The final exam has the value of a State examination enabling the exercise of the health profession of speech therapist. 6 CFU are allocated to the final exam.

Attendance to educational activities is mandatory for training activities and can be ascertained by the teacher in the forms deemed most suitable. In order to be able to take the final assessment and obtain the CFUs related to each course, the student must have attended at least 75% of the hours of classroom activities and at least 90% of any hours of internship / laboratory activities, or activities similar, necessary for carrying out the planned program. If the student does not reach the minimum attendance required, he will have to repeat the entire course as regards the classroom activities and will have to repeat the entire annual activity as regards the internship. It is the faculty of the teacher not to admit to the attendance of an internship / laboratory, or similar activity, students who have not passed the final tests of profit as preparatory to the internship / laboratory itself or to the training activity in which the internship / laboratory is inserted. The degree course in speech therapy (does not require enrollment in a part-time study regime.

To enroll in the second year of the course, the student must also have passed the first year internship exam. To enroll in the third year of the course, the student must have passed the second year internship exam. In the absence of these requirements, the student will place himself as a repeater of the same year of the course, and this no more than once, under penalty of forfeiture of studies. Therefore, no more than three repetitions are allowed in the entire course of study, under penalty of forfeiture of studies. To sit the exams and other tests of the second year it is necessary to have passed the internship exam of the first year and to have acquired 37 CFUs among the specific training activities. To sit the exams and other tests of the third year it is necessary to have passed the internship exam of the second year and to have acquired 75 CFU among the specific training activities.

From the analysis of the didactic regulations and the study plan it is not possible to deduce the number of credits attributed to seminars, elective activities and the professional laboratory.

UNIVERSITY OF PADUA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 90% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADOMissing information
HADESMissing information
Professional workshopMissing information
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 16 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Padua
17 Univesrity of Palermo

The teaching activity of the Cdl in Speech Therapy of Palermo is mainly carried out according to the following forms: lectures, exercises (in the classroom, laboratory and field) and seminars. Other forms of didactic activity are: student reception, assistance for tutoring and orientation, technical visits, ongoing and final checks, theses, internships, professional training; participation in conferences and study trips, participation in international student mobility (Erasmus project, etc.). Attendance is compulsory (75% hours of lessons per module). In addition, the student will have to attend 100% of the practical internship activities. The activation of other didactic typologies deemed adequate for the achievement of the educational objectives of the Course may be envisaged.

There are also 6 CFUs to be acquired as part of the seminar activities, 6 CFUs to be acquired as part of the optional activities and 3 CFUs to be acquired in the form of a professional laboratory.

In the didactic planning of this CdL 1 CFU is equal to 25 hours, of which 10 of frontal teaching.

As established by the Didactic System of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy, the achievement of the CFU in the “English” discipline is obtained with an assessment of suitability expressed in the manner (specific CLA certificate, final test, short interview, etc., and / or compulsory attendance) established by the Interclass or Degree Course Council and communicated to interested parties before the start of teaching activities. All students who do not pass the eligibility tests or have not fulfilled the eventual attendance obligation must take the assessment of learning of the disciplinary contents within the ordinary exam sessions. The outcome of the verification will be expressed according to the term “suitable” or “unsuitable”, that is without recourse to the expression of a vote out of thirty. 3 credits are allocated to the study of a foreign language.

The Study Program intends to recognize only the knowledge and professional skills certified and matured in post-secondary level training activities for which the University has contributed, for one time only and up to a maximum of 12 ECTS. The awards are made on the basis of the skills demonstrated by each student and forms of recognition attributed collectively are excluded. This activity for which recognition is requested will be assessed considering, the year of acquisition, the programs of the subjects, the duration of the lessons, the programs, the hours, and the locations of the internship, and check if the health facilities are accredited by the SSN or SSR in which the latter was carried out, (intermediate examinations and quality verification, etc.).

The verification of the acquired knowledge and skills can take place through formative evaluations and certification evaluations. The formative assessments (in itinere tests) are aimed exclusively at detecting the effectiveness of the learning and teaching processes in relation to certain contents and objectives. Certification assessments (exams), on the other hand, are aimed at evaluating and quantifying the achievement of the objectives of the teaching courses with a mark, certifying the degree of individual preparation of the students. Each course in the curriculum gives rise to a single exam, always individual, with a mark out of thirty. The verification of profit of the technical-practical and internship activities is also expressed out of thirty. For some disciplines, the assessment consists of a judgment of suitability, or is expressed with the following scale: sufficient, fair, good, excellent. Each transparency sheet indicates, in addition to the teaching program, also the way in which the actual acquisition of learning outcomes by the student is ascertained. The exams are held exclusively in periods free from other frontal didactic activities. Each “teaching card” indicates, in addition to the teaching program, also the way in which the actual acquisition of the learning results by the student is ascertained.

The degree is achieved with the acquisition of at least 180 CFU regardless of the number of years of university enrollment. The final graduation mark is expressed in one hundred tenths, with a maximum of 110/110 and any honors and is calculated on the basis of the average of the marks obtained in the exams required by the course of study and the evaluation of the final exam, taking into account the cursus studiorum of the student. 6 CFU are allocated to the final exam. Preliminary courses are foreseen between the courses.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF PALERMO
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 17 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Palermo
18 University of Parma

The Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Parma provides students with various forms of didactic activity: lectures in the classroom, possibly supported by audio-visual tools; exercises in the classroom, in laboratories or in the computer room; tutorial teaching, in the classroom or in the internship centers; professionalizing internship; seminars; courses at structures outside the University or stays at other Italian or foreign universities within the framework of international mobility agreements.

Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of student work including hours of lessons, exercises, laboratory, seminar and other educational activities, including individual study hours. The fraction of the total hourly commitment reserved for personal study or individual training activities cannot be less than 50%.

The educational project of the Degree Classes of Health Professions allocates 6 CFU for the participation of the student in freely chosen educational activities [Optional educational activity of 15 chosen by the student] within a range of proposals offered annually by the CCL, achievable with lessons, practical exercises, seminars, congresses and conventions, interactive courses for small groups, training internships at organizations and institutions and health facilities, among which the student exercises his own personal option.

The training project allocates 9 credits for the student’s participation in training activities listed in the Didactic Order as “Other activities”, supplementary activities, seminars, professional workshops. The CCL can recognize sports, artistic and voluntary activity credits.

The Professionalizing Internship is a form of compulsory didactic activity (type B, characterizing) which involves for the student the acquisition of cognitive, methodological, organizational and relational skills in view of the activities carried out at a professional level whose attendance is certified by a specific booklet. It provides for the development of 60 CFU entrusted to the SSD MED / 50.

The student is required to attend at least 75% of each teaching activity (module / discipline) provided for in the curriculum. Vocational training activities (internships) require 100% attendance; a percentage of absences lower than 30% of the total number of hours foreseen in the study plan can be waived as a debt to be paid the following year.

The Integrated Courses / Courses consist of one or more coordinated teaching modules, also carried out by several teachers, with a single exam, whose mark is expressed out of thirty: the exam is passed with a positive vote, starting from 18 / 30 up to 30/30 (with possible honors).

For admission to the final exam of the CL, the student must: have regularly attended the teaching activities and obtained all the CFUs relating to the passing of the exams and internship provided for in the Curriculum; be up to date with the payment of taxes, university fees and ancillary expenses; be enrolled in the final exam.

The Student has a total number of 6 ECTS at his disposal established by the training offer of the CL, as specified in the didactic program, to be dedicated to training activities in preparation for the Final Exam.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF PARMA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English languageMissing information
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 18 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Parma
19 University of Pavia

According to the provisions of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Pavia, the unit of measurement of the work required of the student for the completion of each training activity prescribed by the Didactic System to obtain the degree is the University Formative Credit (CFU). . The Degree Course includes 180 CFUs in total, divided into three course years, of which 60 to be acquired in training activities (internship), carried out starting from the first year of the course, aimed at developing specific professional skills. Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of student work. The fraction of the total hourly commitment reserved for personal study or individual training activities cannot be less than 50%.

The student is required to attend at least 75% of each teaching activity foreseen by the curriculum. The professional training activities (internship in the field integrated with interactive classroom teaching tutorial sessions) require 100% attendance. There are no prerequisites.

At the end of the 1st year the student must have passed the evaluation of the courses of: Anatomy and Histology (6CFU), Biology and Biological Chemistry (6CFU), Physics, Statistics, Computer Science (6CFU), English (3CFU), Communication Sciences ( 6 CFU), Human Sciences (8 CFU) as well as the certification test of professionalizing internship (15CFU) and professional laboratory (1CFU) by 31 December. Failure to pass by the scheduled date constitutes a barrier to continuing the career in a regular position. At the end of the 2nd year the student must pass the Professionalizing Internship exams (20CFU), the Professional Laboratory (1CFU) of the second year and the exams of: Applied Logopedic Sciences 1 (6CFU), Applied Logopedic Sciences 2, Medical Sciences of the developmental age (6 CFU), Medical Surgical Sciences 1 (6CFU), Medical Surgical Sciences 2 (7CFU) by 31 December. Failure to pass by the scheduled date constitutes a barrier to continuing the career in a regular position.

The inclusion of 6 ECTS of free choice is allowed in the Study Plan.

Each of the courses included in the Study Program’s didactic plan ends with an exam, which the student takes in the exams provided for in the academic calendar. The final exam foresees a mark expressed, as a rule, out of thirty and is considered positively passed with an evaluation ranging from a minimum of 18 to a maximum of 30/30, to which honors can be added. Passing the exam involves the attribution of credits relating to teaching. Eligibility is required for Language Skills. Students who have fulfilled the attendance requirements are admitted to the exam. Verification of learning can take place through formative assessments and certification assessments.

For admission to the final exam, the student must have regularly attended teaching activities and obtained the CFUs relating to the passing of the exams and internship provided for by the Study Plan in force. In order to be admitted to the final exam, it is necessary to have achieved all the CFUs required by the Study Plan, including those relating to the internship. The Degree Program assigns 6 CFU to the final exam.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF PAVIA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 19 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Pavia
20 University of Perugia

The training course, organized by the University of Perugia, is divided as follows: Basic training activities: 25 CFU – Characteristic training activities: 130 CFU of which 60 CFU intended for professional internships – Related training activities: 1 CFU – At the student’s choice : 6 CFU – Professional laboratories of the specific SSD of the profile: 3 CFU – Other activities such as IT, seminar activities etc .: 6 CFU – Final exam and English language: 9 CFU.

In order to achieve the expected educational objectives, the degree course includes 180 credits in total, divided into three course years, of which at least 60 to be acquired in training activities aimed at developing specific professional skills. The course is organized in 6 semesters and divided into 20 courses; these are assigned specific credits by the Degree Course Council in compliance with the provisions of the table of indispensable educational activities. Each CFU corresponds to a student commitment of 25 hours, of which at least 50% is for personal study or other individual training activities. For each CFU there are usually no more than 12 hours of frontal lessons. Each professionalising CFU (internship / internship) corresponds to 25 hours of work per student.

Attendance is verified by the professors by adopting the assessment procedures established by the Degree Course Council. The attestation of the attendance of at least 75% of the compulsory didactic activities of a teaching course is necessary for the student to take the related exam in the first useful session. The student who has not obtained this certificate of attendance, must agree with the teachers on appropriate forms of recovery, to the extent of the contents to be recovered, in order to be allowed to take the exam in subsequent sessions. The student who has not obtained the certificate of attendance of 100% of the hours foreseen for the practical technical training activity, must agree with the Coordinating Professor of these activities, the possible forms of recovery.

In order to ensure an appropriate graduality in the acquisition of the knowledge and skills provided by the teaching of the Course, it is possible to take the exams of the second year courses only after having taken all those of the first year and the exams of the third year, after having supported all those of the second. Without prejudice to the requirement of preliminary examinations between course years, any further preparatory aspects between examinations are defined by the competent Council of the Didactic Structure.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF PERUGIA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 12 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 20 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Perugia
21 University of Pisa

According to what established by the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Pisa, a University Training Credit is equivalent to: 8 hours for frontal teaching activities and 17 hours of self-study, for basic and characterizing training activities, for seminars and for ADEs 15 hours for training activities and 10 hours of self-learning for the professionalizing laboratory 25 hours of training for the internship and for the degree thesis.

Attendance to the courses is compulsory. To obtain the attendance signature, it is necessary to have attended at least 70% of the scheduled teaching hours. For the professionalizing internship it is necessary to have attended 100% of the scheduled hours.

To attend the third year courses and take the related exams, the student must have acquired at least 60 ECTS by 30 September, including credits related to the first year courses listed below: – Physics and statistics – Biochemistry and biology – Histology and anatomy -General physiology and pathology -Microbiology and hygiene -General speech therapy and special anatomy.

The study plan also provides for the acquisition of other training credits in the form of seminars (3 CFU), activities chosen by the student (6 CFU), professional laboratory (3 CFU) and foreign language study (3 CFU). Finally, 6 credits were assigned to the final exam.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF PISA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)70% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES3 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 21 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Pisa
22 University of Rome La Sapienza

The duration of the course for the graduation is 3 years. The unit of measurement of the work required of the student for the completion of each formative activity prescribed by the Ordinance of the CL to obtain the university degree constitutes the CFU. Corresponding to the CFU, 25 hours of work for students for classes 2, 3 and 4. The average amount of work done in a year by a full-time student in university studies is set at about 60 CFU. Particularly important, as an integral and qualifying part of professional training, is the practical training activity and clinical internship, carried out with 60 CFU under the supervision and guidance of specially assigned professional tutors, coordinated by a teacher belonging to the highest training level provided for each specific professional profile and corresponding to the standards defined at European level where they exist.

The expected total number of exams and / or final assessments is twenty exams, including the eligibility for scientific English and three annual eligibility deriving from the evaluation of the internship activities.

The exams will be organized as exam tests of integrated courses with coordinated modules. The verification of this learning is assessed through exam tests, divided into the traditional methods of oral or written exam.

The didactic regulations of the Degree Course define, in compliance with the legal limits, that the share of the total time commitment available to the student for personal study or other individual training activities will not be less than at least 50% of the scheduled hours for each CFU.

The didactic organization also provides for training activities with a number of credits respectively of: 6 chosen by the student (with an offer of at least 18 credits); 9 for the final exam and for the English language, of which 3 dedicated to the English language and 6 to the preparation of the degree thesis; 6 for other activities, and more specifically 1 for information technology, 1 for radiation protection, 4 for seminars, and 3 for professional laboratories of the specific SSD of the profile; finally, 60 credits are reserved for the internship in the specific professional profile.

The CFUs corresponding to each training activity are acquired by the student by passing the exam or other form of verification of profit, without prejudice to the quantification in thirty for the mark of the exams and in one hundred tenths for the final test, with possible honors. The exams can be carried out in the periods dedicated to this and called exam sessions

The student is enrolled in the course for the entire legal duration of the studies envisaged by the Didactic Regulations for the first three years of the first level degree course. The student will enroll repeating if at the time of enrollment he has not passed the exams or achieved the frequencies required by the regulations for enrollment in the following year of the course, therefore the student who has not obtained the certificate of attendance at least 75% of the hours foreseen for each official course of a given year, in the following academic year is enrolled, even in excess, as a repeater of the same course year, with the obligation to attend the courses for which he has not obtained the attestation.

The passage to the following years is allowed only to students who have: fulfilled the attendance obligations relating to formal teaching activity passed with positive evaluation within the recovery session of December-January (January 31) 50% of the exams scheduled for the previous year (maximum debt). The internship test is part of the number of exams to be passed for each course year. The exact number of exams to pass, established by a special commission appointed by the two competing Faculties, takes into account the organization of the studies of each type of degree course.

For the L / SNT-2 degree courses it is established that: enrollment in the second year can be achieved after passing at least 4 exams in the first year; Enrollment in the third year can be achieved having passed at least 3 exams of the second year.

Preliminary rule: under penalty of cancellation of the exams subsequently taken, the student is obliged to follow the prerequisite rule which establishes the obligation to take all the exams of the previous year, including the internship exam for the year of course, before taking exams of courses belonging to subsequent years.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF ROME LA SAPIENZA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES3 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 22 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Rome “La Sapienza”
23 University of Rome Tor Vergata

Students who have obtained the certificate of attendance for at least 75% of the credit required in the integrated courses of the previous year are allowed to enroll in the years following the first. The student who has not obtained the attendance signatures cannot register as a repeater more than twice.

University educational credits represent the unit of measurement of the work required of the student for the completion of each educational activity prescribed by the Degree Course Regulations and correspond to 25 hours of work per student. The university training credits of degree courses for the training of professional figures of nurses, pediatric nurses and midwives correspond to 30 hours of work per student. The average amount of work done in a year by a student engaged full-time in university studies is set at 60 CFU. Each CFU includes hours of lectures, exercises, laboratory, seminar and other training activities required by the teaching system, in addition to the hours of study and in any case of personal commitment necessary to complete the training for passing the exam or to carry out training activities not directly subordinate to university teaching (theses, projects, internships, language and computer skills, etc.). The CFUs corresponding to each training activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or other form of verification of profit.

The training includes 180 credits including formal teaching activity (ADF), optional teaching activity (ADO), vocational training activity (AFP) and internship; a portion of credits is reserved for personal study and other individual training activities. The duration of first level degree courses in the health area for the attainment of the degree is 3 years.

The student’s attendance at the internship must be certified. The number of hours indicated for the internship, in accordance with European legislation, is to be understood as an overall commitment, necessary for the student to reach the practical and internship standard required by the system.

Attendance at compulsory teaching activity, optional teaching activity (ADO), supplementary activities (AI) and professional training activities (AFP) is compulsory. The passage to the following years is allowed only if the student has attended the compulsory teaching activity. Attendance is verified by the teachers by adopting the methods of assessment established by the Board of the Didactic Structure. The certificate of attendance to the compulsory didactic activities of a teaching course is necessary for the student to take the relative exam. The certificate of attendance is affixed to the student form by the Course Director on the basis of the assessments made by the teachers. The student who has not obtained the certificate of attendance of at least 75% of the hours foreseen by the single integrated courses to the extent of 50% of them, in the following academic year is enrolled, even in excess, as a repetition of the same year of course, with the obligation to attend courses for which the certificate has not been obtained. The student is still required to take the exams of the integrated courses to make up for the missing hours to reach 75% of the compulsory hours of attendance. The repetition of the same course year maximum two times is allowed, after which student status is forfeited.

The CFUs corresponding to each training activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or other form of verification of profit. The way in which the evaluation of the student’s individual achievement is reached must be expressed by means of a mark out of thirty for the exams and out of one hundred and ten for the final exam with possible honors. The Degree Course Council establishes the types and number of exams necessary to assess students’ learning as well as the composition of the related Commissions. The total number of curricular exams cannot exceed that of the official courses established by the legal system and must not in any case exceed the number of 18 for integrated courses and three practical internships in the three years of the course. Verification of learning can take place through formative assessments and certification assessments. The formative assessments (in itinere tests) are exclusively intended to detect the effectiveness of the learning and teaching processes in relation to specific contents. Certification assessments (exams) are instead aimed at evaluating and quantifying with a grade the achievement of the objectives of the integrated courses, certifying the degree of individual preparation of the students. The exams can be carried out exclusively in the periods dedicated to this and called exam sessions. The moments of certification verification cannot coincide with the periods in which the lessons take place.

The didactic organization foresees the training activities with a number of credits respectively of: 6 chosen by the student; 9 for the final exam and for the English language, of which 3 dedicated to the English language and 6 to the preparation of the degree thesis; 6 for the other activities and 3 for the professional laboratories of the specific SSD of the profile; finally, 60 credits are reserved for the internship in the specific professional profile.

The student who does not have the conditions of enrollment for the following year can enroll as a repeater and this no more than twice for each year.

The passage from one year to the next is allowed only to students who have obtained the regular certificate of attendance to the courses envisaged in the study plan for a given course year, for at least 75% of the educational credits. If the educational debt is exceeded, the student is enrolled in the same year with the qualification of “repeating”. Enrollment in the same course year more than twice is not allowed, after which the status of student is forfeited.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is stated in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF ROME TOR VERGATA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lessonMissing information
ADO6 CFU
HADES3 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 23 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
24 University of Siena

The training of the student enrolled in the Degree Course in Speech Therapy organized by the University of Siena, provides for the achievement of 180 university training credits, specified by the Study Plan, including Theoretical Didactic Activity (ex cathedra), Professional Didactic Activity (ADP) and Optional Teaching Activities (ADO); a portion of the credits is reserved for personal study and other individual training activities.

The unit of measurement of the work required of the student for the completion of each training activity prescribed by the Degree Course Regulations to obtain the university degree constitutes the University Formative Credit (CFU).

Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total student commitment.

The average amount of total learning commitment carried out in a year by a full-time student is conventionally set at 60 ECTS. The Degree Course therefore provides, over the three years, a total of 180 ECTS according to the study plan. For each type of activity, the number of teaching hours for one CFU is: 8 – 10 hours for frontal lessons; up to a maximum of 15 hours for exercises and laboratories; 25 hours for the internship.

The CFUs corresponding to each training activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or other form of verification of profit.

The student’s study plan must also include 3 credits to be acquired in the form of a professional laboratory.

The student’s Study Plan must include freely chosen educational activities (ADO) corresponding to 6 CFUs identified in a range of proposals prepared annually by the Teaching Committee or individually identified by the student himself and submitted to the prior approval of the Teaching Committee. The ADOs proposed by the Teaching Committee can correspond to two different types: seminar-type courses; practical and / or experiential activities. Attendance at ADO is compulsory. The verification of the profit of the ADO gives rise to a vote out of thirty.

The didactic organization of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy provides for the acquisition by the student of a total of 6 ECTS of “other training activities”. They can be understood as “other training activities”:

  • IT courses;
  • foreign language courses;
  • IV-depth analysis of specific theoretical professionalizing contents;
  • IV-depth study of specific professionalizing contents of a practical nature;
  • communicative / relational;
  • courses, conferences and congresses;
  • training internships at health organizations, institutions and structures.

The Didactics Committee annually proposes the plan of “other activities”. Attendance to Other Training Activities is mandatory. The verification of the profit in the Other Educational Activities gives rise to an assessment of suitability.

Attendance to all teaching activities included in the study plan is mandatory. The attendance to the theoretical didactic activity is verified by the teachers by adopting the assessment methods agreed between the teachers of the Integrated Course (or Teaching).

The Coordinator of the Integrated Course (or Teaching) communicates the data of the certificate of attendance or of the non-attestation, relating to the names of all students to the student secretariat.

The CFUs corresponding to each training activity are acquired by the student upon passing the exam or other form of verification of profit. The manner in which the assessment of the student’s individual achievement is reached must be expressed by means of a mark out of thirty (or with a suitable / unsuitable judgment where provided for in the Study Plan) for the exams and in one hundred tenths for the final exam, with possible praise.

The total number of curricular exams cannot exceed that of the official courses established by the regulations and must not, in any case, exceed 20 in the three years of the course. The exams can be taken only during the official periods in which the exam sessions are scheduled. Frontal teaching activities are suspended during the exam sessions.

The exam mark is expressed out of thirty. It is calculated by means of the weighted average and rounded up or down to the upper or lower point of the individual marks awarded by the members of the Commission, taking into account the number of credits for each course of the Integrated Course (or Course). Honors are eventually conferred by the professors to students who obtain a mark of 30/30 in all courses (or modules).

The preparation of the Degree Thesis in clinical or basic university structures defined as “Degree Internship”, involves the acquisition of 5 CFU.

The information reported on the study plan does not agree with what is expressed in the teaching regulations, in fact the study plan indicates 7 ECTS (and not 6) to be acquired in the form of other training activities.

UNIVERSITY OF SIENA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)The minimum attendance percentage is not specified
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 8-10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test5 CFU
Tab. 24 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Siena
25 University of Turin

The didactic activities of the disciplinary sectors organized by the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Turin are divided into teaching and internships, according to a program divided into two semesters. Each course can be divided into modules. The didactic activities (lessons and exams) are held according to the starting date and the calendar established annually.

Courses usually have a minimum of 4 ECTS; 1 CFU corresponds to 25 hours. As regards the Modules, for 1 CFU a maximum of 12 hours of classroom teaching is foreseen, while the remaining 13 hours are reserved for individual study by the student; 1 CFU of internship and professional laboratory activity provides 25 hours of attendance for the student.

Other training activities, such as laboratories (other than the compulsory ones called professional), seminars and external internships, can be planned and organized by the CdL in collaboration with public and private institutions, Italian or foreign, depending on the needs, given that they are practically practicable and the

‘training opportunity; they must be approved individually by the CCL and take place under the didactic responsibility of a teacher / tutor of the degree course. The didactic credits assigned to these activities will be fixed by the CCL from time to time.

The Study Plan includes 6 credits dedicated to educational activities chosen by the student. The optional training activities are identified annually by the CCL, consistently with the resources available; they may include external training events, seminars, workshops, specific internships and / or any other training events.

Students of the Degree Course can obtain recognition of internships, internships and other training activities that are coherent with the didactic objectives of the Course, up to a maximum of 4 ECTS.

Attendance to internships is mandatory. The internship is planned by the Coordinator in harmony with the clinical-professional Tutors. The internship modules are subjected to certification assessment.

For each training activity indicated, a final assessment is foreseen at the end of the period in which the activity took place. For courses divided into modules, the final assessment of the results is in any case unitary and collegial. By passing the exam or verification, the student obtains the credits attributed to the training activity in question. The final assessments may consist of: oral exam or written assignment or written or oral report on the activity carried out, or test with free choice or multiple choice questions, or laboratory test or internship tests. The methods of the final assessment, which may also include more than one of the aforementioned forms, are indicated at the beginning of each academic year by the teacher responsible for the training activity.

The student can present himself to take the same exam up to three times in an academic year. In order to be admitted to the exam, the student must have completed the teaching evaluation questionnaire (EDUMETER).

For the verification of learning of the professionalizing internship there is an appeal in the September session and an extraordinary appeal can be activated to be specifically agreed based on the career of the individual student in the December session of the same year. The exam will include a theoretical-practical test and / or a simulation concerning the specific training areas of the course year scheduled at the beginning of the academic year. The student will be able to take the internship exam after having attended and successfully passed the tests (formalized by prepared evaluation forms) of all the internship periods scheduled by the study plan for each of the three years of the course. In order to be admitted to the internship exam, the student must also have completed the annual number of hours (100% attendance). In the event of a negative evaluation, the internship must be repeated in full in the following academic year. The result of the exam is expressed out of thirty.

The exam grade is expressed out of thirty and the exam is considered passed if the score is greater than or equal to 18. Honors can be granted unanimously if the final grade is 30.

For the educational activities listed below, the test results in the achievement of eligibility:

  • foreign language – scientific English
  • first year workshops
  • second year workshops
  • third year workshops
  • educational activities chosen by the student (first, second and third year)
  • other activities such as information technology, seminars, etc. (first, second and third year).

After having passed all the verifications of the educational activities included in the study plan and having acquired all the credits required by the Didactic System, the student, regardless of the number of years of enrollment at the university, is admitted to take the final exam, with value enabling. The student has the availability of 6 CFU aimed at preparing the final exam.

There are mandatory preparatory courses, listed below:

  • First year courses: no prerequisites
  • Second year courses: the first year courses are preparatory.

Furthermore, the student will not be able to take the second year exams if he has not passed the exam:

  • Teaching of “Structure, morphology and human function” 1st year 1st semester
  • Third year courses: the first and second year courses and the exam of “Human structure, morphology and function” are preparatory.

To access the one-year internship, it is necessary to have successfully passed the previous year’s internship exam.

Attendance to the various training activities is mandatory. Attendance of at least 70% of the scheduled hours is required for each course, while for the internship and professional workshops it is necessary to attend 100%

of the scheduled hours. Students have the possibility, during their educational curriculum, to carry out periods of study abroad, as part of official exchange programs (example: ERASMUS program).

The methods and verification of the compulsory attendance, where required, are established annually by the Degree Course and made known to students by the start date of enrollment through the Study Manifesto and the Student Guide.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF TURIN
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)70% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = max. 12 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test6 CFU
Tab. 25 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Turin
26 University of Trieste

The typology of didactic forms adopted by the Trieste Degree Course are ex cathedra lectures, frontal teaching activities, tutorial teaching, internship activities and independent learning.

The CCLL annually organizes the offer of optional educational activities, which can be carried out with: ex-cathedra lessons, seminars, interactive courses in small groups, uncoordinated or linked activities in “homogeneous educational paths”.

Without prejudice to the student’s full autonomy, the elective teaching activities, provided for in the study plan, must be consistent with the training project. As regards the elective activities, chosen by the student outside the offer of the Degree Program, the student must be authorized in advance. Paid courses, followed by the student, will not be valid. Each seminar / course lasting 8 hours will be worth 1 CFU. The elective courses will be activated only if at least 1/4 of the expected students are reached. The evaluation of the single elective didactic activities, carried out by the student, requires approved / not approved.

The unit of measurement of the work required of the Student, for the completion of each training activity, prescribed by the Didactic System, to obtain the qualification, is the University Formative Credit (CFU).

The Degree Course in Speech Therapy includes 180 CFUs in total, divided into three years of the course, including training activities (internships and other professional activities), aimed at maturing specific professional skills. Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of work of the Student, including: hours of lessons; of the hours of tutorial didactic activity carried out in laboratories, assistance departments, clinics and “day hospitals”; of seminar hours; of the hours spent by the Student in the other training activities envisaged by the Didactic System; of the hours of self-study necessary to complete his training.

The university training credit (CFU), which corresponds to 25 total hours of average commitment per student, is attributed an average value of 10 hours, for the frontal or theoretical / practical lesson, and 15 for individual study and 25 hours for exercise / internship, of which at least 20 of direct assistance activity.

Students are required to attend the educational, formal, non-formal and professionalizing activities, provided for by the Didactic Regulations of the Degree Program. Attendance is verified by the teachers, adopting homogeneous methods of assessment approved by the Commission for Didactics. The certificate of attendance, for the compulsory teaching activities of a teaching course, is necessary for the student to take the relative exam.

To obtain the certificate of attendance, the Student must have attended at least 75% of the hours of lessons or seminars and 100% of the professional activities and internships. Students who have representative positions in academic bodies are exempted from attending training activities when they coincide with the sessions of the

collegial bodies to which they belong. Absences from lectures are also justified, due to internship obligations after certification from the internship manager. If the Student, for serious and documented reasons, has not attended a frequency equal to or greater than 75% of the hours, it is the faculty of the teachers to carry out teaching activities aimed at recovering lost hours. In any case, students who have attended less than 50% of the hours of planned training activities for more than two teaching modules during the course year will not be admitted to these activities. The student, who is not admitted to take an exam, is enrolled, as a repetitioner, in the relative course due to lack of attendance, with the obligation to acquire the signature of missing attendance. The professional training activities (internship) foreseen in the study plan must be carried out at the health facilities identified as the Internship site or other structures, previously authorized by the Degree Course on the basis of didactic and training needs, which adopt adequate organizational, didactic and clinical protocols , by stipulating an ad hoc agreement.

At the end of the autumn session, the student must have acquired the CFUs relating to the year of the course with the exception of a maximum of two courses. In any case, before taking the exams of the following year, the student must acquire the credits of the previous year. The credits acquired in relation to the activities “chosen by the student” and the teaching of English are not counted for the purpose of passing the block. The student who, despite having obtained the regular certificate of attendance to the courses provided for in the study plan, has not obtained the sufficient number of credits for enrollment in the following year is enrolled in the same year with the qualification of “out of course”, without obligation of attendance. For the repeating or out of course student, the rules of the new cohort of students are applied. The student can repeat the same course year no more than twice. Overall, the student cannot repeat more than three years of the course under penalty of forfeiture. For serious and explicit reasons, the student can request the temporary “suspension” of the training course. At the end of this period, the CD assesses the non-obsolescence of the credits of the suspended student who intends to resume his studies and indicates the exams he must take again.

The didactic organization foresees the training activities with a number of credits respectively of: 6 chosen by the student; 7 for the final exam; 4 for the English language; 6 for the other activities and 6 for the professional laboratories of the specific SSD of the profile; finally, 60 credits are reserved for the internship in the specific professional profile.

The Student has at least 7 ECTS at his disposal, to devote to the preparation of the Degree Thesis, and to the final exam. This Regulation specifies the rules that the Degree Program provides for the conduct of the thesis work.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF T RIESTE
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES6 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language4 CFU
Final test7 CFU
Tab. 26 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Trieste
27 University of Verona

Each CFU corresponds to 25 hours of total student commitment. The different types of teaching activities foresee the following CFU / HOUR ratios: Lesson: 10 hours per CFU of frontal teaching (15 hours of individual study); frontal teaching (lesson): 12 hours of frontal teaching for CFU (13 hours of individual study) -Exercise-laboratory: 15 hours for CFU (10 hours of individual study) -Professional training: 20 hours for CFU (with 5 hours of study individual) – Internship / professional internship: 25 hours per CFU (without further individual commitment) – Didactic activities chosen by the student and multidisciplinary seminars: 12 hours

for CFU (18 hours individual study) with the co-presence of more than one teacher, if related to experiences 1 CFU internship is equivalent to 30 hours.

Obligation is established: in the 1st year of the course, before being able to take the exams of the 2nd year of the course, the student must have completely passed the teaching of Glottology, psycholinguistics and speech therapy assessment methodology, 10 CFU and the teaching of Anatomophysiological Sciences, 4 CFU; in the 2nd year of the course, before being able to take the exams of the 3rd year of the course, the student must have completely passed the course of Speech Therapy Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Speech Therapy Disorders of Developmental Age, CFU 7.

For the passage to the following years the following requirements must be met: having completed the number of hours of internship envisaged and passed the clinical internship with a positive evaluation; have passed the exams of previous years, with a residual not exceeding 8 credits from the 1st to the 2nd year and 6 credits from the 2nd to the 3rd year. The student who on February 28 of each academic year has an educational debt exceeding a certain number of credits indicated by the Degree Course, is enrolled as out of course and / or repeating. Didactic activities relating to the following year possibly attended are not recognized and do not give rise to certificate of attendance. It is possible to register as an out-of-course and / or as a repeater for no more than 4 times in total in the three-year period.

The wide and flexible range of didactic activities chosen by the student is organized in part by the Didactic Commission and includes participation in workshops, exercises, activities, internships and conferences relevant to the Degree Course Training Plan. The student exercises his personal option, up to the achievement of a total number of 6 credits in the three-year period. The educational activities chosen by the student end with a final evaluation expressed out of thirty by a Commission, which will be recorded by the Coordinator of Professional Teaching. This assessment contributes to the completion of the necessary certification to access the final exam. The calendar and the list of elective teaching activities are published at the beginning of the teaching activities on the website.

Seminars are a didactic activity that aims to address a topic with an interdisciplinary approach and is usually carried out in co-presence by several teachers, even from different SSD sectors. Each seminar will be documented by the student. At the end of the three-year period, an exam will be open to which students must register for the registration of the 5 dedicated credits.

The professional workshops take place in environments equipped with small groups of students. At the end of the workshops the lecturer will formulate the “approved” judgment taking into account the regular attendance (100%) of the student, with any recovery of absences and gaps in individual skills; at the end of each year of the course the student must register for the online exam in order to be eligible and to register the required credits; if the student does not meet the above requirements (attendance and recoveries) he will be registered as “not approved” and will have to repeat the laboratory. The CdL assigns 3 CFU to the professional laboratory.

The attendance of the training activity is compulsory and is verified by the teachers, who do not admit the student to the exam if the attendance at the teaching training activities is lower than 75% and at least 50% of each single module of the course itself. . Attendance is verified by the teachers and certified to the student. Attendance to laboratory and internship activities is 100% mandatory. The student who, during the academic year, has not obtained the certificate of attendance at at least 75% of the hours provided for each course or who has not fulfilled the commitment of the internship – both in terms of attendance and achievement of the established educational objectives – is enrolled, in the following academic year, even in supernumerary, as a repeat student, with the obligation to attend courses and internships, for which he has not obtained the certification.

In order to be admitted to the final exam, it is necessary to have obtained all the credits in the training activities foreseen in the study plan, including those relating to the internship. 7 credits are assigned to the preparation of the thesis.

The information contained in the study plan is in agreement with what is expressed in the teaching regulations.

UNIVERSITY OF VERONA
Attendance (minimum percentage of attendance)75% training activities 100% professional internship
CFU x hour of lesson1 CFU = 10 hours of lessons
ADO6 CFU
HADES5 CFU
Professional workshop3 CFU
English language3 CFU
Final test7 CFU
Tab. 27 – Summary data of the Degree Course in Speech Therapy of the University of Verona

Summary table

I have reported below a summary table in which I have inserted the peculiar data extrapolated from the didactic regulations, in order to facilitate the analysis of the results obtained.

 Places  Attendance (minimum% attendance)  Final test  ADO  HADES  Lab. Profess.English  CFU / lesson hours  
University of Bari2175% training activities 100% internship6663312 hours
Bologna University1975% training activities 100% internship66633Date not available
University of CAGLIARI2767% training activities 67% internship56614Eight hours
University of Catania2070% training activities 70% internship566327 hours
University of FERRARA2775% training activities 100% internship86633Date not available
University of Florence15Strongly recommended (i.e. not mandatory)7Date not availableDate not availableDate not available2Date not available
University of Genoa1675% training activities 100% internship6Date not available6Date not available310 hours
University of L’AQUILA3675% training activities 100% internship6663310 hours
University of MESSINA1975% training activities 100% internship54634Eight hours
University of MILAN7375% training activities 100% internship7Date not available6Data not available210 hours
Catholic University of Sacred Heart3070% training activities 70% internship66633Date not available
University of MODENA and REGGIO EMILIA2475% training activities 100% internship74634Date not available
University of NAPLES “Federico II”2775% training activities 100% internship56354Date not available
University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”6075% training activities 75% internship56634Date not available
University of Padua3175% training activities 90% internship6Date not availableDate not availableDate not available3Date not available
University of PALERMO2575% training activities 100% internship6663310 hours
University of Parma1375% training activities 100% internship6663Date not availableDate not available
The University of Pavia2475% training activities 100% internship66633Date not available
University of Perugia3075% training activities 100% internship6663312 hours
University of Pisa1675% training activities 100% internship66333Date not available
Marche Polytechnic University2570% training activities 100% internship5663410 hours
University of ROME “La Sapienza”3975% training activities 100% internship66333Date not available
University of ROME “Tor Vergata”8275% training activities 100% internship66333Date not available
University of Siena20Date not available566348-10 hours
University of Turin2970% training activities 100% internship66633Max 12 hours
University of Trieste2175% training activities 100% internship7663410 hours
University of VERONA3075% training activities 100% internship7653310 hours
Tab. 28 – Summary table

Conclusions

After having concluded the analysis of the didactic regulations, some typical features emerged that need to be investigated.

Among the first differences found there are those relating to the relationship between credits and hours related to teaching. In fact, it is established by the Decree of 3 November 1999, n.509 that 1 CFU is equivalent to 25 hours, but each University then decides how many of these hours must be assigned to frontal teaching. In most of the CdL 1 CFU is equivalent to 10 hours of lessons, even if this data is not reported in many teaching regulations. The maximum of the hours of frontal teaching per CFU is 12 hours (CdL of Bari and Perugia), while the minimum is 7 hours (CdL of Catania). Considering that attendance at frontal lectures is (or at least should be) mandatory, it is well understood that an excessive disparity between the hours of lessons assigned for a CFU significantly affects the effort required of the student. Furthermore, since the degree in Speech Therapy is a Study Course that enables the profession of Speech Therapist, it is understandable that regular attendance is required of students.

Attendance to the training activities is compulsory and is verified by the teachers, who do not admit the student to the exam if the attendance at the teaching training activities is lower than a certain percentage established by each degree program. The didactic regulations indicate the minimum percentage of attendance at training activities which varies between a minimum of 67% (CdL of Cagliari) and a maximum of 75% (almost all of the CdL). Therefore there is a minimum percentage of attendance that is around 70-75%. This figure appears adequate, although it is preferable to have a unified percentage figure for all degree programs.

An alarming fact concerns the Florence degree program where attendance is strongly recommended but not compulsory, this wording also applies to the internship. While the minimum percentage of attendance to training activities is not reported in the Siena didactic regulations.

More intricate is that relating to attendance at internship activities. In fact, despite the document ” Principles and standards of professional internship in the degree courses of the health professions”, published by the Permanent Conference of the degree courses of the health professions in September 2010, it is clearly reported that the attendance to the internship is mandatory for the entire number of hours minimum and any absences must be made up, in some educational regulations (Cagliari, Catania, Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campania and Padua) a minimum percentage of attendance is reported that varies between a minimum of 67% (Cagliari) and a maximum of 90 % (Padua). Therefore, although most of the didactic regulations indicate the obligation for the student to accrue the total amount of hours related to the internship (with the possibility of recovering any absences), in some didactic regulations the possibility of accumulating a certain percentage of absences (in disagreement with what is stated in the document of the Permanent Conference of degree courses of the health professions .

It is clear that non-compliant teaching regulations need to adapt to the regulations, as failure to complete the training hours provided could jeopardize the recognition of the qualification. The fact that the degree in speech therapy is an enabling course of study imposes the absolute need to complete the number of hours of at least professional activities.

Another thorny issue concerns the attribution of training credits (CFU) for the final exam. In fact, while the majority of universities allocate 6 CFU to the final exam (which consists of the qualification test for the profession of Speech therapist and the dissertation of the thesis) some Degrees behave differently. So much so that the Degree Programs of the Universities of Cagliari, Messina, Naples, Campania, Marche and Siena assign 5 CFU to the final exam; while the Universities of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Trieste and Verona assign 7 CFU; finally, the University of Ferrara assigns 8 CFU to the final exam.

Since these credits exert a considerable weight in determining the degree grade, it would be appropriate to allocate an adequate number of CFUs shared by the various Degree Programs. In fact, the difference in credits awarded for the final exam (from 5 in Messina, Naples, etc. to 8 ECTS in Ferrara) appears excessive.

Furthermore, not all teaching regulations provide for the attribution of prerequisites, which on the contrary are very useful in order to guarantee a progressive and chronologically correct maturation of knowledge and skills. In fact, having preparatory skills means not anticipating knowledge and providing notions that could prove to be preliminary to the acquisition of other learnings.

Finally, in a few didactic regulations some barriers are planned, which on the contrary are considered a valid tool to guarantee meritocracy and reward the most deserving students.

Therefore, among the strengths of the didactic regulations, for the articles analyzed by me, we find the frequency to the didactic activities that is around 75% and 100% for the internship (in compliance with the foreseen rules). Another strong point concerns a relationship between credits and hours of lessons around 10, in order not to engage the students too much in the frequency of frontal teaching so as to allow a greater amount of time for individual study. Furthermore, too many teaching hours per CFU means assigning an excessive workload, with the risk of providing limited or insufficient information and knowledge).

The presence of prerequisites between subjects and barriers, not always appreciated by students, are advantageous. The usefulness of these measures is linked to the choice of providing barriers that are not excessively restrictive and adequate preparations, which in any case allow students the opportunity to graduate within the first graduation session (i.e. the autumn session).

In conclusion, the credits attributed to the final exam must not be excessive, and considering that it is a qualification test valid for all the degree programs in speech therapy in Italy, it would be desirable that a single number of credits be established for all degree programs in speech therapy. .

Taking into consideration the CFU / lesson hours ratio, the CFU assigned to the final exam and the compulsory attendance at teaching activities (75% for training activities and 100% for internships), among the most deserving teaching regulations we find that of the courses of Degree from Bari, Bologna, L’Aquila, Parma, Pavia, Rome La Sapienza, Rome Tor Vergata and Turin. On the contrary, among the incomplete teaching regulations we find all those that do not provide for the attendance of 100% of the number of hours of internship and those regulations that provide for an excessive or insufficient number of credits assigned to the final exam, namely: Cagliari, Catania, Ferrara, Florence, Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campania and Padua.

References

  1. Regini, M. (2014). University reform in the framework of European governance systems. Florence University Press
  2. Triventi, M. (2012). Comparative university systems. Reforms, institutional arrangements and accessibility to students. Mondadori Bruno.
  3. Gaveglio, I., & Vernero, I. (2001) The speech therapist. Profile of a profession. Omega.
  4. Vernero, I. & Schindler, O. (2012) History of speech therapy. Springer Verlag.
  5. Castagno, M., De Cagno, A., Lovato, G., Pierro, A., Vernero, I., Razzano, C., Martino, M., Rossetto, T. (2009) The Core Competence and the Core Curriculum of the speech therapist. Springer Verlag.
  6. Permanent conference of the degree courses of the Health Professions. “Guidance document on standards and principles of internship in the degree courses of the Health Professions 23 December 2009”.
  7. Ministerial Decree of 14 September 1994, n. 742 “Regulation concerning the identification of the figure and the relative professional profile of the speech therapist”.